Morphological and topographical anatomy of nutrient foramina in the lower limb long bones and its clinical importance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Knowledge regarding nutrient foramina of bones is useful in surgical procedures such as microvascular bone transfer in order to preserve the circulation. The objective of the present study was to study the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina and to determine the for aminal index of the lower limb long bones to provide detailed data on such features. Method The study comprised examination of 206 lower limb long bones which included femora, tibiae and fibulae. The nutrient foramina were identified analysed macroscopically and the foramen index calculated. Each bone was divided into five parts and topographical analysis was performed on each section. Results Femora had single nutrient foramen in 47.7% of the cases, double foramen in 44.2% of the cases, triple in 3.5% of the cases and an absence of foramen in 4.6%. In the case of tibiae, 98.6% showed single foramen and in 1.4% of the cases, the foramen was absent. With respect to fibulae, 90.2% had single foramen and foramen was absent in 9.8%. The mean foraminal index was 38.9 for the femora, 32.5 for tibiae and 49.2 for fibulae. The majority (51.3%) of the foramina in the femora were located at the 2/5th part, 98.3% of the tibiae foramina at the 2/5th part and 60% of the fibulae at the 3/5th part. Conclusion The study provides information on the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina in lower limb long bones. The double foramina were more common in femur and rare in the tibia and fibula. The foramina of the femur and tibia were commonly observed at their upper part, whereas in the fibula they were present on the lower part. This knowledge of the nutrient foramina has to be kept in mind during surgical procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-537
Number of pages8
JournalAustralasian Medical Journal
Volume4
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Fibula
Tibia
Femur
Lower Extremity
Anatomy
Bone and Bones
Food

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{987f63ec25e9437f846e85493c6478a5,
title = "Morphological and topographical anatomy of nutrient foramina in the lower limb long bones and its clinical importance",
abstract = "Background Knowledge regarding nutrient foramina of bones is useful in surgical procedures such as microvascular bone transfer in order to preserve the circulation. The objective of the present study was to study the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina and to determine the for aminal index of the lower limb long bones to provide detailed data on such features. Method The study comprised examination of 206 lower limb long bones which included femora, tibiae and fibulae. The nutrient foramina were identified analysed macroscopically and the foramen index calculated. Each bone was divided into five parts and topographical analysis was performed on each section. Results Femora had single nutrient foramen in 47.7{\%} of the cases, double foramen in 44.2{\%} of the cases, triple in 3.5{\%} of the cases and an absence of foramen in 4.6{\%}. In the case of tibiae, 98.6{\%} showed single foramen and in 1.4{\%} of the cases, the foramen was absent. With respect to fibulae, 90.2{\%} had single foramen and foramen was absent in 9.8{\%}. The mean foraminal index was 38.9 for the femora, 32.5 for tibiae and 49.2 for fibulae. The majority (51.3{\%}) of the foramina in the femora were located at the 2/5th part, 98.3{\%} of the tibiae foramina at the 2/5th part and 60{\%} of the fibulae at the 3/5th part. Conclusion The study provides information on the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina in lower limb long bones. The double foramina were more common in femur and rare in the tibia and fibula. The foramina of the femur and tibia were commonly observed at their upper part, whereas in the fibula they were present on the lower part. This knowledge of the nutrient foramina has to be kept in mind during surgical procedures.",
author = "Prashanth, {K. U.} and Murlimanju, {B. V.} and Prabhu, {Latha V.} and Kumar, {Chettiar Ganesh} and Pai, {Mangala M.} and Dhananjaya, {K. V.N.}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.4066/AMJ.2011.725",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "530--537",
journal = "Australasian Medical Journal",
issn = "1836-1935",
publisher = "The Australasian Medical Journal Pty. Ltd.",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Morphological and topographical anatomy of nutrient foramina in the lower limb long bones and its clinical importance

AU - Prashanth, K. U.

AU - Murlimanju, B. V.

AU - Prabhu, Latha V.

AU - Kumar, Chettiar Ganesh

AU - Pai, Mangala M.

AU - Dhananjaya, K. V.N.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Background Knowledge regarding nutrient foramina of bones is useful in surgical procedures such as microvascular bone transfer in order to preserve the circulation. The objective of the present study was to study the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina and to determine the for aminal index of the lower limb long bones to provide detailed data on such features. Method The study comprised examination of 206 lower limb long bones which included femora, tibiae and fibulae. The nutrient foramina were identified analysed macroscopically and the foramen index calculated. Each bone was divided into five parts and topographical analysis was performed on each section. Results Femora had single nutrient foramen in 47.7% of the cases, double foramen in 44.2% of the cases, triple in 3.5% of the cases and an absence of foramen in 4.6%. In the case of tibiae, 98.6% showed single foramen and in 1.4% of the cases, the foramen was absent. With respect to fibulae, 90.2% had single foramen and foramen was absent in 9.8%. The mean foraminal index was 38.9 for the femora, 32.5 for tibiae and 49.2 for fibulae. The majority (51.3%) of the foramina in the femora were located at the 2/5th part, 98.3% of the tibiae foramina at the 2/5th part and 60% of the fibulae at the 3/5th part. Conclusion The study provides information on the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina in lower limb long bones. The double foramina were more common in femur and rare in the tibia and fibula. The foramina of the femur and tibia were commonly observed at their upper part, whereas in the fibula they were present on the lower part. This knowledge of the nutrient foramina has to be kept in mind during surgical procedures.

AB - Background Knowledge regarding nutrient foramina of bones is useful in surgical procedures such as microvascular bone transfer in order to preserve the circulation. The objective of the present study was to study the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina and to determine the for aminal index of the lower limb long bones to provide detailed data on such features. Method The study comprised examination of 206 lower limb long bones which included femora, tibiae and fibulae. The nutrient foramina were identified analysed macroscopically and the foramen index calculated. Each bone was divided into five parts and topographical analysis was performed on each section. Results Femora had single nutrient foramen in 47.7% of the cases, double foramen in 44.2% of the cases, triple in 3.5% of the cases and an absence of foramen in 4.6%. In the case of tibiae, 98.6% showed single foramen and in 1.4% of the cases, the foramen was absent. With respect to fibulae, 90.2% had single foramen and foramen was absent in 9.8%. The mean foraminal index was 38.9 for the femora, 32.5 for tibiae and 49.2 for fibulae. The majority (51.3%) of the foramina in the femora were located at the 2/5th part, 98.3% of the tibiae foramina at the 2/5th part and 60% of the fibulae at the 3/5th part. Conclusion The study provides information on the morphology and topography of nutrient foramina in lower limb long bones. The double foramina were more common in femur and rare in the tibia and fibula. The foramina of the femur and tibia were commonly observed at their upper part, whereas in the fibula they were present on the lower part. This knowledge of the nutrient foramina has to be kept in mind during surgical procedures.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80355147823&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80355147823&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4066/AMJ.2011.725

DO - 10.4066/AMJ.2011.725

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 530

EP - 537

JO - Australasian Medical Journal

JF - Australasian Medical Journal

SN - 1836-1935

IS - 10

ER -