Morphometric analysis of infraorbital foramen in south Indian dry skulls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective-The infraorbital foramen is located on the maxillary bone 1 cm under the infraorbital margin. Infra orbital nerve blocks are done in children for managing the postoperative pain which can occur after cleft lip operation and endoscopic sinus operation. Infraorbital nerve can also be damaged in cases of zygomatic complex fractures which are one of the most common facial injuries. So, this study was undertaken to analyze the anatomical variations by comparing various morphometric measurements of infraorbital foramen in dry skulls of adult South Indian population. Materials and methods-60 dry skulls of unknown sex were used for the study. Various measurements and distance from various surgical landmarks were measured to evaluate the location of infraorbital foramen on both sides. Statistical Analysis was done for the above measurements mean and standard deviation, median, range, and mode were calculated. Results: The mean distance of infraorbital foramen from piriform aperture, lower end of alveolus of maxilla and infraorbital margin was 18.39, 27.88 and 7.09mm on the right and 17.89, 27.31 and 6.95mm on the left side. The mean vertical and horizontal diameter was 3.78 and 3.50mm on the right side and 3.48 and 3.35mm on the left side. In our study, the most common site of IOF in Indian skulls was found to be in line with the second premolar tooth (59.01%), followed by its position between the first and second premolar tooth (27.87%). Conclusion-These results will be helpful for surgeons while doing maxillofacial surgery and regional block anesthesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-566
Number of pages5
JournalBangladesh Journal of Medical Science
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2018

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Skull
Bicuspid
Maxilla
Tooth
Zygomatic Fractures
Facial Injuries
Conduction Anesthesia
Nerve Block
Oral Surgery
Cleft Lip
Postoperative Pain
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Morphometric analysis of infraorbital foramen in south Indian dry skulls",
abstract = "Objective-The infraorbital foramen is located on the maxillary bone 1 cm under the infraorbital margin. Infra orbital nerve blocks are done in children for managing the postoperative pain which can occur after cleft lip operation and endoscopic sinus operation. Infraorbital nerve can also be damaged in cases of zygomatic complex fractures which are one of the most common facial injuries. So, this study was undertaken to analyze the anatomical variations by comparing various morphometric measurements of infraorbital foramen in dry skulls of adult South Indian population. Materials and methods-60 dry skulls of unknown sex were used for the study. Various measurements and distance from various surgical landmarks were measured to evaluate the location of infraorbital foramen on both sides. Statistical Analysis was done for the above measurements mean and standard deviation, median, range, and mode were calculated. Results: The mean distance of infraorbital foramen from piriform aperture, lower end of alveolus of maxilla and infraorbital margin was 18.39, 27.88 and 7.09mm on the right and 17.89, 27.31 and 6.95mm on the left side. The mean vertical and horizontal diameter was 3.78 and 3.50mm on the right side and 3.48 and 3.35mm on the left side. In our study, the most common site of IOF in Indian skulls was found to be in line with the second premolar tooth (59.01{\%}), followed by its position between the first and second premolar tooth (27.87{\%}). Conclusion-These results will be helpful for surgeons while doing maxillofacial surgery and regional block anesthesia.",
author = "Siddharth Tewari and Chandni Gupta and Vikram Palimar and Kathur, {Sneha Guruprasad}",
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Morphometric analysis of infraorbital foramen in south Indian dry skulls. / Tewari, Siddharth; Gupta, Chandni; Palimar, Vikram; Kathur, Sneha Guruprasad.

In: Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.10.2018, p. 562-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Morphometric analysis of infraorbital foramen in south Indian dry skulls

AU - Tewari, Siddharth

AU - Gupta, Chandni

AU - Palimar, Vikram

AU - Kathur, Sneha Guruprasad

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Objective-The infraorbital foramen is located on the maxillary bone 1 cm under the infraorbital margin. Infra orbital nerve blocks are done in children for managing the postoperative pain which can occur after cleft lip operation and endoscopic sinus operation. Infraorbital nerve can also be damaged in cases of zygomatic complex fractures which are one of the most common facial injuries. So, this study was undertaken to analyze the anatomical variations by comparing various morphometric measurements of infraorbital foramen in dry skulls of adult South Indian population. Materials and methods-60 dry skulls of unknown sex were used for the study. Various measurements and distance from various surgical landmarks were measured to evaluate the location of infraorbital foramen on both sides. Statistical Analysis was done for the above measurements mean and standard deviation, median, range, and mode were calculated. Results: The mean distance of infraorbital foramen from piriform aperture, lower end of alveolus of maxilla and infraorbital margin was 18.39, 27.88 and 7.09mm on the right and 17.89, 27.31 and 6.95mm on the left side. The mean vertical and horizontal diameter was 3.78 and 3.50mm on the right side and 3.48 and 3.35mm on the left side. In our study, the most common site of IOF in Indian skulls was found to be in line with the second premolar tooth (59.01%), followed by its position between the first and second premolar tooth (27.87%). Conclusion-These results will be helpful for surgeons while doing maxillofacial surgery and regional block anesthesia.

AB - Objective-The infraorbital foramen is located on the maxillary bone 1 cm under the infraorbital margin. Infra orbital nerve blocks are done in children for managing the postoperative pain which can occur after cleft lip operation and endoscopic sinus operation. Infraorbital nerve can also be damaged in cases of zygomatic complex fractures which are one of the most common facial injuries. So, this study was undertaken to analyze the anatomical variations by comparing various morphometric measurements of infraorbital foramen in dry skulls of adult South Indian population. Materials and methods-60 dry skulls of unknown sex were used for the study. Various measurements and distance from various surgical landmarks were measured to evaluate the location of infraorbital foramen on both sides. Statistical Analysis was done for the above measurements mean and standard deviation, median, range, and mode were calculated. Results: The mean distance of infraorbital foramen from piriform aperture, lower end of alveolus of maxilla and infraorbital margin was 18.39, 27.88 and 7.09mm on the right and 17.89, 27.31 and 6.95mm on the left side. The mean vertical and horizontal diameter was 3.78 and 3.50mm on the right side and 3.48 and 3.35mm on the left side. In our study, the most common site of IOF in Indian skulls was found to be in line with the second premolar tooth (59.01%), followed by its position between the first and second premolar tooth (27.87%). Conclusion-These results will be helpful for surgeons while doing maxillofacial surgery and regional block anesthesia.

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