Motor System, Gait and Balance

Rakesh Mishra, Bukkambudhi V. Murlimanju, Amit Agrawal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The motor system is crucial for independence and a person quality of life. When an individual loses his ability to use his limbs, it has dramatic consequences. Motor function implies a wide range of functions subserved by the motor system in humans. It includes locomotor, gait, and balance. In the event of motor dysfunction, there is an abnormality in gait that makes a person walk less and sets in the vicious cycle with an impact on other organ systems like the cardiovascular system. The main principle behind motor learning is neuroplasticity. It is based on the findings that repetitive movements induce plasticity in functionally preserved brain areas and neural networks take over repetitive movements. The objective of the present chapter is to present an outline principles of motor learning, neurobiological control of motor rehabilitation and to sensitize physicians and surgeons on the neurorehabilitation aspects of motor gait and balance disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRehabilitation in Neurotrauma
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Concepts, Practices and Recommendations
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781685079567
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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