Multiwavelength monitoring of NGC 1275 over a decade: Evidence of a shift in synchrotron peak frequency and long-term multiband flux increase

Sanna Gulati, Debbijoy Bhattacharya, Subir Bhattacharyya, Nilay Bhatt, C. S. Stalin, V. K. Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We carried out a detailed study of the temporal and broad-band spectral behaviour of one of the brightest misaligned active galaxies in γ-rays, NGC 1275, utilizing 11 years of Fermi data and the available Swift and AstroSat observations. Based on the cumulative flux distribution of the γ-ray light curve, we identified four distinct activity states and noticed an increase in the baseline flux during the first three states. A similar nature of increase in the average flux was also noticed in the X-ray and UV bands. Strong flaring activity in γ-rays was noticed in the fourth state. The source was observed twice by AstroSat for shorter intervals (∼days) during longer observing (∼years) states 3 and 4. During the AstroSat observing periods, the source γ-ray flux was higher than the average flux observed during longer duration states. The increase in average baseline flux from state 1 to state 3 can be explained by considering a corresponding increase of jet particle normalization. The inverse Comptonization of synchrotron photons explained the average X-ray and γ-ray emission by jet electrons during the first three longer duration states. However, during the shorter duration AstroSat observing periods, a shift of synchrotron peak frequency was noticed, and the synchrotron emission of jet electrons explained the observed X-ray flux well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-457
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume503
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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