Nanoparticle impregnated self-supporting protein gel for enhanced reduction in oxidative stress: A molecular dynamics insight for lactoferrin-polyphenol interaction

Ruchira Raychaudhuri, Abhijeet Pandey, Subham Das, Shivanand H. Nannuri, Alex Joseph, Sajan D. George, Anita P. Vincent, Srinivas Mutalik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present work, lactoferrin (Lf) based nanoparticle incorporated self-supporting gel encapsulating a flavonoid, quercetin (Q), was developed. The complex formation between Lf and Q was assessed using molecular docking and dynamics simulation that lactoferrin and quercetin showed strong interaction and binding supporting hydrophobic interaction. The microscopic, spectroscopic, and x-ray techniques were used to characterize the gel extensively. In vitro drug release was studied to understand the release pattern of quercetin from the protein gel. The viscosity of the gel and its rheological characteristics were determined using a Brookfield viscometer. Ex vivo skin permeation studies using vertical diffusion cells were carried out to understand its skin permeation properties. The gel showed strong anti-oxidant activity using the DPPH scavenging assay. The enhanced effect of the Lf-Q complex on antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and malondialdehyde), was supported by molecular dynamics, surface hydrophobicity, and in vitro studies. To investigate the effect of the gel on angiogenesis, the chorioallantoic membrane assay was performed and its compatibility with erythrocytes was also assessed. Suitability for topical administration was assessed using skin irritation studies performed on Sprague Dawley rats. The overall results suggest that the developed NiPG is suitable for cutaneous localization of quercetin with enhanced antioxidant activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-113
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume189
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31-10-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)

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