Melioidosis is an under recognized infectious disease which may rarely present with neurological involvement. Neurological melioidosis has protean manifestations, and in this case series we present 3 patients diagnosed from a single center in southern India. The clinical presentation of the patients we describe includes rhomb-encephalitis, scalp infection with subdural and meningeal involvement, and optic neuritis associated with pulmonary melioidosis. We discuss the possible mechanism of involvement of the nervous system, and the recommended treatment. Diagnosis of melioidosis requires a high index of suspicion and should be considered in endemic areas. Through this series we hope to improve the awareness of this infection and its neurological presentation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology