Objective Tarsal coalitions are common in the middle talocalcaneal joints and prognosis of intracapsular fractures in the region is bad. So this study was done to know the size, shape and number of talar articular facets and the distance between the two anterior facets. Materials and methods A total of 300 (154 right and146 left) dry human calcanei of unknown sex were studied. The articular facets were marked with marker pen; the distance between the smaller anterior and middle facets was measured using a vernier calipers and they are classified into four types. Results After classification of the calcanei, we found that Type-1 was 67%, Type-2 was 28.66%, Type-3 was 3%, and Type-4 was 1.33%. Conclusion In our study, Type-1 was common followed by Type-2. Race appears to play a part in the determination of the type of facets and hence this study will be useful for the orthopedics surgeons during various surgical procedures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging