Cystic prolactinomas are considered not amenable to dopamine agonist therapy. We present the results of dopamine agonist therapy in six patients with cystic prolactinomas. The inclusion criteria of patients were: (i) cystic macroadenomas with the cyst occupying more than 50% of the tumour volume; (ii) a serum prolactin value more than 150 ng/mL. All patients were males with a mean age of 35 years. The clinical presentations were erectile dysfunction in 66.6%, visual deficits in 50% and headache in 50% of patients. All patients were treated with bromocriptine only except one who was treated with both bromocriptine and cabergoline. The mean duration of follow up was 57.1 months. At the final follow-up 50% of patients had hormonal cure, 50% had radiological cure and 50% had reduction in the size of the tumour. Hence, it is appropriate to consider dopamine agonist therapy in patients with cystic prolactinomas before considering surgery. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.