Novel ALOX12B mutation identified in parents following single nucleotide polymorphism microarray testing of banked DNA from a fatal case of congenital ichthyosis

Smrithi Salian, Ashish Gupta, Anju Shukla, Katta M. Girisha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous conditions like ichthyosis, it is clinically not possible to predict mutation in a specific gene. Sequential testing of all the causative genes is time consuming and expensive. In consanguineous families with autosomal recessive genetically heterogeneous disorders, it is possible to narrow down the candidate gene/genes by recognizing the regions of homozygosity by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array. Here, we present a fatal case of autosomal recessive severe congenital ichthyosis born to a consanguineous couple. Two candidate genes were recognized by SNP array on banked DNA of the subject. Sequencing of these candidate genes in parents found them to be carriers of the same variation, a novel heterozygous deletion of single nucleotide in exon 8 (c. 1067delT) of ALOX12B gene. The present case illustrates the utility of DNA banking, SNP array and testing of parents to arrive at a definitive molecular diagnosis, essential for genetic counseling, and prenatal testing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122
JournalIndian Journal of Dermatology
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2016

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Ichthyosis
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Mutation
DNA
Genes
Genetic Counseling
Exons
Nucleotides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

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abstract = "In genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous conditions like ichthyosis, it is clinically not possible to predict mutation in a specific gene. Sequential testing of all the causative genes is time consuming and expensive. In consanguineous families with autosomal recessive genetically heterogeneous disorders, it is possible to narrow down the candidate gene/genes by recognizing the regions of homozygosity by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array. Here, we present a fatal case of autosomal recessive severe congenital ichthyosis born to a consanguineous couple. Two candidate genes were recognized by SNP array on banked DNA of the subject. Sequencing of these candidate genes in parents found them to be carriers of the same variation, a novel heterozygous deletion of single nucleotide in exon 8 (c. 1067delT) of ALOX12B gene. The present case illustrates the utility of DNA banking, SNP array and testing of parents to arrive at a definitive molecular diagnosis, essential for genetic counseling, and prenatal testing.",
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