Abstract

Methyl malonic acid and branched-chain keto acids are important biomarkers for the diagnosis of cobalamin deficiencies and maple syrup urine disease. We report the development and validation of a HILIC-ESI-MS2 method for the quantification of these organic acids from neonatal urine. The samples were 100 times diluted and analyzed on a ZIC-HILIC column with 25-mM formic acid in water: 25-mM formic acid in acetonitrile (45:55) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min with a runtime of only 6 minutes. The method demonstrated a lower limit of detection of 10 ng/mL, Limit of Quantification (LOQ) of 50 ng/mL, linearity of r2 ≥ 0.990 and recoveries of 87-105% for all analytes. The intraday and interday precision CV's were <10% and 12%, respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and in matrix with a percent change within ±15%. The Bland-Altman analysis of the developed method with the gold standard GCMS method demonstrated a bias of 0.44, 0.11, 0.009 and -0.19 for methyl malonic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, 2-hydroxy-3methylbutyric acid and 4-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, respectively, proving the methods are comparable. The newly developed method involves no derivatization and has a simple sample preparation and a low runtime, enabling it to be easily automated with a high sample throughput in a cost-effective manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-723
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatographic Science
Volume57
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16-08-2019

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formic acid
Biomarkers
Keto Acids
Hydroxy Acids
Organic acids
Vitamin B 12
Flow rate
Throughput
Recovery
Acids
Water
Costs
malonic acid

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Novel HILIC-ESI-MS method for urinary profiling of MSUD and methylmalonic aciduria biomarkers",
abstract = "Methyl malonic acid and branched-chain keto acids are important biomarkers for the diagnosis of cobalamin deficiencies and maple syrup urine disease. We report the development and validation of a HILIC-ESI-MS2 method for the quantification of these organic acids from neonatal urine. The samples were 100 times diluted and analyzed on a ZIC-HILIC column with 25-mM formic acid in water: 25-mM formic acid in acetonitrile (45:55) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min with a runtime of only 6 minutes. The method demonstrated a lower limit of detection of 10 ng/mL, Limit of Quantification (LOQ) of 50 ng/mL, linearity of r2 ≥ 0.990 and recoveries of 87-105{\%} for all analytes. The intraday and interday precision CV's were <10{\%} and 12{\%}, respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and in matrix with a percent change within ±15{\%}. The Bland-Altman analysis of the developed method with the gold standard GCMS method demonstrated a bias of 0.44, 0.11, 0.009 and -0.19 for methyl malonic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, 2-hydroxy-3methylbutyric acid and 4-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, respectively, proving the methods are comparable. The newly developed method involves no derivatization and has a simple sample preparation and a low runtime, enabling it to be easily automated with a high sample throughput in a cost-effective manner.",
author = "Mathew, {Elizabeth Mary} and Leslie Lewis and Pragna Rao and K. Nalini and Asha Kamath and Sudheer Moorkoth",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
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doi = "10.1093/chromsci/bmz045",
language = "English",
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T1 - Novel HILIC-ESI-MS method for urinary profiling of MSUD and methylmalonic aciduria biomarkers

AU - Mathew, Elizabeth Mary

AU - Lewis, Leslie

AU - Rao, Pragna

AU - Nalini, K.

AU - Kamath, Asha

AU - Moorkoth, Sudheer

PY - 2019/8/16

Y1 - 2019/8/16

N2 - Methyl malonic acid and branched-chain keto acids are important biomarkers for the diagnosis of cobalamin deficiencies and maple syrup urine disease. We report the development and validation of a HILIC-ESI-MS2 method for the quantification of these organic acids from neonatal urine. The samples were 100 times diluted and analyzed on a ZIC-HILIC column with 25-mM formic acid in water: 25-mM formic acid in acetonitrile (45:55) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min with a runtime of only 6 minutes. The method demonstrated a lower limit of detection of 10 ng/mL, Limit of Quantification (LOQ) of 50 ng/mL, linearity of r2 ≥ 0.990 and recoveries of 87-105% for all analytes. The intraday and interday precision CV's were <10% and 12%, respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and in matrix with a percent change within ±15%. The Bland-Altman analysis of the developed method with the gold standard GCMS method demonstrated a bias of 0.44, 0.11, 0.009 and -0.19 for methyl malonic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, 2-hydroxy-3methylbutyric acid and 4-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, respectively, proving the methods are comparable. The newly developed method involves no derivatization and has a simple sample preparation and a low runtime, enabling it to be easily automated with a high sample throughput in a cost-effective manner.

AB - Methyl malonic acid and branched-chain keto acids are important biomarkers for the diagnosis of cobalamin deficiencies and maple syrup urine disease. We report the development and validation of a HILIC-ESI-MS2 method for the quantification of these organic acids from neonatal urine. The samples were 100 times diluted and analyzed on a ZIC-HILIC column with 25-mM formic acid in water: 25-mM formic acid in acetonitrile (45:55) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min with a runtime of only 6 minutes. The method demonstrated a lower limit of detection of 10 ng/mL, Limit of Quantification (LOQ) of 50 ng/mL, linearity of r2 ≥ 0.990 and recoveries of 87-105% for all analytes. The intraday and interday precision CV's were <10% and 12%, respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and in matrix with a percent change within ±15%. The Bland-Altman analysis of the developed method with the gold standard GCMS method demonstrated a bias of 0.44, 0.11, 0.009 and -0.19 for methyl malonic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, 2-hydroxy-3methylbutyric acid and 4-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, respectively, proving the methods are comparable. The newly developed method involves no derivatization and has a simple sample preparation and a low runtime, enabling it to be easily automated with a high sample throughput in a cost-effective manner.

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