The main source of power in Electric Vehicles (EVs) is derived from batteries. An efficient cell model is extremely important for the development of complex algorithms like core temperature estimation, State of Health (SOH) estimation and State of Charge (SOC) estimation. In this paper, a new methodology for improving the SOC estimation using Equivalent Cell Model (ECM) approach is proposed. The modeling and simulations were performed using MATLAB/Simulink software. In this regard, a Li polymer cell was modeled as a single Resistor-Capacitor (RC) pair (R0, R1 and C1) model using PowerTrain blockset in MATLAB/Simulink software. To validate the developed model, a NASA dataset was used as the reference dataset. The cell model was tuned against the NASA dataset for different currents in such a way that the error in the terminal voltages (difference in terminal voltage between the dataset and the ECM) is <±0.2 V. The mean error and the standard deviation of the error were 0.0529 and 0.0310 respectively. This process was performed by tuning the cell parameters. It was found that the cell parameters were independent of the nominal capacity of the cell. The cell parameters of Li polymer and the Li ion cells (NASA dataset) were found be almost identical. These parameters showed dependence on SOC and temperature. The major challenge in a battery management system is the parameter estimation and prediction of SOC, this is because the degradation of battery is highly nonlinear in nature. This paper presents the parameter estimation and prediction of state of charge of Li ion batteries by implementing different machine learning techniques. The selection of the best suited algorithm is finalized through the performance indices mainly by evaluating the values of R-Squared. The parameters were trained using various Machine Leaning (ML) techniques for regression data analysis using Simulink. A study on Support Vector Machine (SVM) technique was carried out for the simulated and tuned data. It is concluded that the SVM algorithm was best suited. A detailed analysis on the errors associated with the algorithms was also carried out. Later, these parameters were trained using various Machine Leaning (ML) techniques for regression data analysis using Simulink. A study on SVM technique was carried out for the simulated and tuned data. It is concluded that the SVM algorithm was best suited. A detailed analysis on the errors associated with the algorithms was also carried out.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Signal Processing
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering