Numerical investigation of influence of number of stent cells and type of link on expansion and haemodynamic behaviour of balloon-expandable coronary stent

Chandrakantha Bekal, Ranjan Shetty, Satish Shenoy

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Abstract

Coronary stents are tubular, mesh-like structures used to force open clogged artery. Mounted on an inflatable balloon, stent compresses calcified plaque inside atherosclerotic artery with an inflating device, which transfers the load through the compliant balloon, thus maintaining the patency of lumen. One of the contributors for success of angioplasty is type of stents, which mainly differs in its geometrical design. A clinician recommends a stent based on comparative advantages. An ideal stent should be flexible to manoeuver through tortuous artery, easy to expand, provide good scaffolding to the vessel, have less radial recoil and foreshortening, possess uniformity in expansion and induce minimum alteration in physiological blood flow dynamics. In a stent these parameters are in competition with each other and are optimized by trade-offs. The present work tries to sequentially investigate the effect of number of stent cells and type of links on the expansion and haemodynamics behaviour through computational analysis based on finite element and finite volume techniques. The study compares performance within same classes of designs rather than comparing the designs that are completely different form each other. Results show that more number of stent cells in longitudinal direction considerably decrease the radial recoil, but increase the foreshortening effect. Restenosis-prone zones are localized around the stent struts and are predominant during end of systolic phase of cardiac cycle. Shorter links are preferred for better recoil and favourable distribution of wall shear stress while longer links are preferred for favourable foreshortening.

Original languageEnglish
Article number88
JournalSadhana - Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2018

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Stents
Balloons
Hemodynamics
Struts
Shear stress
Blood

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "Coronary stents are tubular, mesh-like structures used to force open clogged artery. Mounted on an inflatable balloon, stent compresses calcified plaque inside atherosclerotic artery with an inflating device, which transfers the load through the compliant balloon, thus maintaining the patency of lumen. One of the contributors for success of angioplasty is type of stents, which mainly differs in its geometrical design. A clinician recommends a stent based on comparative advantages. An ideal stent should be flexible to manoeuver through tortuous artery, easy to expand, provide good scaffolding to the vessel, have less radial recoil and foreshortening, possess uniformity in expansion and induce minimum alteration in physiological blood flow dynamics. In a stent these parameters are in competition with each other and are optimized by trade-offs. The present work tries to sequentially investigate the effect of number of stent cells and type of links on the expansion and haemodynamics behaviour through computational analysis based on finite element and finite volume techniques. The study compares performance within same classes of designs rather than comparing the designs that are completely different form each other. Results show that more number of stent cells in longitudinal direction considerably decrease the radial recoil, but increase the foreshortening effect. Restenosis-prone zones are localized around the stent struts and are predominant during end of systolic phase of cardiac cycle. Shorter links are preferred for better recoil and favourable distribution of wall shear stress while longer links are preferred for favourable foreshortening.",
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