Numerical investigation of the effects of bucket handle tears and subtotal medial meniscectomies on the biomechanical response of human knee joints

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Abstract

Understanding the complex biomechanical behaviour of the injured and meniscectomised knee joints is of utmost significance in various clinical circumstances. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of bucket handle tears in the medial meniscus and subtotal medial meniscectomies on the biomechanical response of the knee joints belonging to multiple subjects. The three-dimensional (3D) finite element models of human knee joints including bones, cartilages, menisci, ligaments and tendons are developed from magnetic resonance images (MRI) of multiple healthy subjects. The knee joints are subjected to an axial compressive force, which corresponds to the force of the gait cycle for the full extension position of the knee joint. Three different conditions are compared: Intact knee joints, knee joints with bucket handle tears in the medial meniscus and knee joints after subtotal meniscectomies. The bucket handle tear causes a considerable rise in the maximum principal stress at its tip compared to that at the same location in the intact meniscus. This would cause the total rupture of the meniscus resulting in cartilage damage. Subtotal meniscectomy causes a considerable reduction in the contact area along with a substantial increase in the contact pressure and maximum compressive stress in the cartilages in comparison with that in the intact knee. This could give rise to severe degenerative changes in the cartilage. The results of this study could help surgeons in making clinical decisions when managing patients with meniscal injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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