Context: Plain computed tomography (CT) of the brain is an important first-line investigation of choice in an acute neurologic setup. Unless clinically suspected concealed areas like the confluence of venous sinuses often go unnoticed. Diagnosing anemia, thrombosis, or polycythemia correlating the CT attenuation values might prove to be fruitful in early patient management where the mode of varied clinical presentations causes a clinical dilemma. Aims: 1) To determine the objective correlation between CT attenuation of the cerebral venous sinus and hemoglobin (Hb) as well as hematocrit (HCT) value and 2) to detect anemia from measuring venous sinus attenuation. Methods and Materials: An exploratory study design of 200 patients, who had plain CT of the head and Hb and HCT levels obtained within 24 h of the scan. Statistical Analysis Used: Two-tailed unpaired t-test was used to test the difference between two independent samples. Correlation and regression analyses were used to assess the correlation between two quantitative variables. Results: A significant correlation was observed between the Hb-Hounsfield unit (HU) and HCT-HU. The simple linear regression model revealed that HU (P value < 0.001) was significantly correlated with Hb and the regression model was, Hb = 2.1 + 0.2 × HU. Similarly, HU (P value < 0.001) was significantly correlated with HCT and regression model was HCT = 6.2 + 0.7 × HU. Conclusions: Objective attenuation values of dural sinuses on plain CT can be positively correlated with Hb and HCT values. Considering the cutoff of 35.5 HU, we were able to show the specificity of 100% for the detection of anemia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology