İnsan kafatasi{dotless} i̇çinde oksipital bölgede yer alan delikler: Delici venlerin cerrahi anatomisi: Referans ile anatomik bir soruşturma

Translated title of the contribution: Occipital emissary foramina in human skulls: An anatomical investigation with reference to surgical anatomy of emissary veins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The objectives were to find the incidence and topography of the occipital emissary foramina in skulls of South Indian Region. Material and Methods: In the present study, 78 dried adult human skulls were examined. They were analyzed for the gross incidence and position of the occipital emissary foramen. The observations were made in the squamous part of the occipital bone from the posterior margin of the foramen magnum to the external occipital protuberance. Results: From our observations, the occipital emissary foramen was present in 11 (14.1%) skulls. Left sided foramen was observed in 5 cases (6.4%), right-sided foramen in 4 (5.1%) and the median foramen was seen in 2 (2.6%) of the cases. Conclusion: The occipital emissary vein is present in a small percentage (14.1%) of cases. It was also demonstrated that its location is variable as to left, right or midline. Its location was closer to the foramen magnum than to the external occipital protuberance in all the specimens. The morphology of this subject is important to the neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons. The knowledge is of importance in suboccipital craniotomies as this foramen transmits the occipital emissary vein and will keep awareness among the surgeons to avoid the excessive bleeding.

Original languageTurkish
Pages (from-to)36-38
Number of pages3
JournalTurkish Neurosurgery
Volume21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Skull
Foramen Magnum
Veins
Anatomy
Occipital Bone
Craniotomy
Incidence
Hemorrhage
Surgeons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "İnsan kafatasi{dotless} i̇{\cc}inde oksipital b{\"o}lgede yer alan delikler: Delici venlerin cerrahi anatomisi: Referans ile anatomik bir soruşturma",
abstract = "Aim: The objectives were to find the incidence and topography of the occipital emissary foramina in skulls of South Indian Region. Material and Methods: In the present study, 78 dried adult human skulls were examined. They were analyzed for the gross incidence and position of the occipital emissary foramen. The observations were made in the squamous part of the occipital bone from the posterior margin of the foramen magnum to the external occipital protuberance. Results: From our observations, the occipital emissary foramen was present in 11 (14.1{\%}) skulls. Left sided foramen was observed in 5 cases (6.4{\%}), right-sided foramen in 4 (5.1{\%}) and the median foramen was seen in 2 (2.6{\%}) of the cases. Conclusion: The occipital emissary vein is present in a small percentage (14.1{\%}) of cases. It was also demonstrated that its location is variable as to left, right or midline. Its location was closer to the foramen magnum than to the external occipital protuberance in all the specimens. The morphology of this subject is important to the neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons. The knowledge is of importance in suboccipital craniotomies as this foramen transmits the occipital emissary vein and will keep awareness among the surgeons to avoid the excessive bleeding.",
author = "Murlimanju, {B. V.} and Prabhu, {Latha V.} and Pai, {Mangala M.} and Mir Jaffar and Saralaya, {Vasudha V.} and Mamatha Tonse and Prameela, {M. D.}",
year = "2011",
language = "Turkish",
volume = "21",
pages = "36--38",
journal = "Turkish Neurosurgery",
issn = "1019-5149",
publisher = "Turkish Neurosurgical Society",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - İnsan kafatasi{dotless} i̇çinde oksipital bölgede yer alan delikler

T2 - Delici venlerin cerrahi anatomisi: Referans ile anatomik bir soruşturma

AU - Murlimanju, B. V.

AU - Prabhu, Latha V.

AU - Pai, Mangala M.

AU - Jaffar, Mir

AU - Saralaya, Vasudha V.

AU - Tonse, Mamatha

AU - Prameela, M. D.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Aim: The objectives were to find the incidence and topography of the occipital emissary foramina in skulls of South Indian Region. Material and Methods: In the present study, 78 dried adult human skulls were examined. They were analyzed for the gross incidence and position of the occipital emissary foramen. The observations were made in the squamous part of the occipital bone from the posterior margin of the foramen magnum to the external occipital protuberance. Results: From our observations, the occipital emissary foramen was present in 11 (14.1%) skulls. Left sided foramen was observed in 5 cases (6.4%), right-sided foramen in 4 (5.1%) and the median foramen was seen in 2 (2.6%) of the cases. Conclusion: The occipital emissary vein is present in a small percentage (14.1%) of cases. It was also demonstrated that its location is variable as to left, right or midline. Its location was closer to the foramen magnum than to the external occipital protuberance in all the specimens. The morphology of this subject is important to the neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons. The knowledge is of importance in suboccipital craniotomies as this foramen transmits the occipital emissary vein and will keep awareness among the surgeons to avoid the excessive bleeding.

AB - Aim: The objectives were to find the incidence and topography of the occipital emissary foramina in skulls of South Indian Region. Material and Methods: In the present study, 78 dried adult human skulls were examined. They were analyzed for the gross incidence and position of the occipital emissary foramen. The observations were made in the squamous part of the occipital bone from the posterior margin of the foramen magnum to the external occipital protuberance. Results: From our observations, the occipital emissary foramen was present in 11 (14.1%) skulls. Left sided foramen was observed in 5 cases (6.4%), right-sided foramen in 4 (5.1%) and the median foramen was seen in 2 (2.6%) of the cases. Conclusion: The occipital emissary vein is present in a small percentage (14.1%) of cases. It was also demonstrated that its location is variable as to left, right or midline. Its location was closer to the foramen magnum than to the external occipital protuberance in all the specimens. The morphology of this subject is important to the neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons. The knowledge is of importance in suboccipital craniotomies as this foramen transmits the occipital emissary vein and will keep awareness among the surgeons to avoid the excessive bleeding.

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