Omega-3 fatty acids

A comprehensive review of their role in health and disease

B. M. Yashodhara, S. Umakanth, J. M. Pappachan, S. K. Bhat, R. Kamath, B. H. Choo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

174 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3 FAs) are essential fatty acids with diverse biological effects in human health and disease. Reduced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is a well-established benefit of their intake. Dietary supplementation may also benefit patients with dys-lipidaemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, obesity, inflammatory diseases, neurological/neuropsychiatric disorders and eye diseases. Consumption of co-3 FAs during pregnancy reduces the risk of premature birth and improves intellectual development of the fetus. Fish, fish oils and some vegetable oils are rich sources of ω-3 FAs. According to the UK Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition guidelines (2004), a healthy adult should consume a minimum of two portions of fish a week to obtain the health benefit. This review outlines the health implications, dietary sources, deficiency states and recommended allowances of c-3 FAs in relation to human nutrition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalPostgraduate Medical Journal
Volume85
Issue number1000
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2009

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Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Fishes
Nutrition Policy
Essential Fatty Acids
Plant Oils
Eye Diseases
Fish Oils
Premature Birth
Health
Insurance Benefits
Advisory Committees
Dietary Supplements
Nervous System Diseases
Atherosclerosis
Diabetes Mellitus
Fetus
Obesity
Hypertension
Morbidity
Pregnancy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Yashodhara, B. M. ; Umakanth, S. ; Pappachan, J. M. ; Bhat, S. K. ; Kamath, R. ; Choo, B. H. / Omega-3 fatty acids : A comprehensive review of their role in health and disease. In: Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 85, No. 1000. pp. 84-90.
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Omega-3 fatty acids : A comprehensive review of their role in health and disease. / Yashodhara, B. M.; Umakanth, S.; Pappachan, J. M.; Bhat, S. K.; Kamath, R.; Choo, B. H.

In: Postgraduate Medical Journal, Vol. 85, No. 1000, 01.02.2009, p. 84-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Umakanth, S.

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AU - Kamath, R.

AU - Choo, B. H.

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