Intramedullary nailing has been the gold standard in the management of lower limb fractures by virtue of advantage of early joint mobilisation and weight bearing. They are being increasingly used in the peri-trochanteric fractures of femur. Biomechanical studies have proved the supremacy of single femoral neck screw construct over two femoral neck screws along with the intramedullary nails in osteoporotic bones due to lower incidence of complications. This randomised clinical trial was conducted to study the clinico-radiological outcome of single and two-femoral neck screw construct in the management of unstable trochanteric fractures in the elderly osteoporotic bones. Although there was no significant difference in the clinical outcome in the two groups, less sliding of the femoral neck screws was noted with two-femoral neck screw configuration. The tip-apex distance was also significantly lower in the two-screw construct compared to that of the single screw construct. This study to our knowledge is the first randomised control clinical trial evaluating the effectiveness of one and two femoral neck screw configuration of intra-medullary nails in the management of unstable trochanteric fractures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine