To identify the optimal timing for containment surgery for Perthes disease, the outcomes following femoral osteotomy of 97 children were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were employed to identify variables that influenced the shape and size of the femoral head at healing. The timing of surgery was an important variable that had a bearing on the outcome. The chances of retaining a spherical femoral head were much higher in children operated on either during the stage of avascular necrosis or in the early part of the fragmentation stage than in those operated later. The authors conclude that containment surgery aimed at preventing femoral head deformation in Perthes disease should be performed before the advanced stage of fragmentation. Further, any study on the outcome of containment treatment of Perthes disease must consider the timing of containment as a variable that influences the outcome while interpreting the results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine