Aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) composed of polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000) and sodium citrate (SC) has been proposed to recover the valuable soluble proteins from tannery wastewater. A sequential optimization strategy which included fractional factorial design (fFD) and central composite design (CCD) was employed to enhance the recovery. From this strategy, a second-order polynomial model was obtained for the protein recovery and it was validated. The optimum recovery was found as 93.46% when pH, NaCl concentration, and temperature were kept at 7.5, 0.1 M, and 33°C, respectively, for a phase system composed of 20% (w/w) PEG 6000-15% (w/w) SC. Thus the proposed ATPS can serve as an alternative to the conventional precipitation method to recover the soluble proteins from tannery wastewater.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Hardware and Architecture