Background: With high cell doses required for mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) clinical trials, there is a need to upgrade technologies that facilitate efficient scale up of MSCs for cell therapy. Conventional expansion with 2D culture vessels becomes the bottleneck when large cell dosages are required. Tide Motion bioreactors offer a robust, scalable platform using BioNOC II macrocarriers developed for the production of adherent cells. Methods: We evaluated the growth and expansion of bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) on the macrocarrier-based culture system by optimizing key parameters such as cell seeding densities, culturing conditions, and harvesting procedures to achieve optimal cell growth. BM-MSCs expanded in conventional 2D adherent cultures were seeded into BioNOC II macrocarriers and grown in serum-containing or serum-free medium. Results: BM-MSCs attained a maximum cell density of 0.49 ± 0.07 × 106 cells/carrier after 12 days of culture in BioNOC II macrocarriers with cell viability > 86% while retaining MSC specific characteristics such as surface marker expression, tri-lineage differentiation potential, immunosuppressive properties, and potency. Conclusion: These results reveal the feasibility of BM-MSC expansion in the scalable macrocarrier-based Tide Motion system both under serum and serum-free conditions and represent an important step for the large-scale production system of BM-MSC based cellular therapies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Medicine