Oral health-related quality of life and its associated factors in an Indian adult population

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The objectives of this study were to describe oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and its associated factors in an Indian adult population. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and fourteen general dental patients completed the Indian translations of the oral health impact profile (OHIP)-14 and the general health questionnaire (GHQ)-12 through personal interviews. A clinical examination was also performed for dental caries, gingivitis and plaque levels. Results: Sufficient reliability (∝ = 0.85) and construct validity were demonstrated for the questionnaire. The mean decayed, missing or filled teeth of the study population was 6.93 and the mean gingival index and plaque index scores were 1.07 and 1.06, respectively. Caries status and the number of missing teeth were found to be significantly correlated with most of the subdomains of the OHIP-14. The GHQ-12 scores were also significantly correlated with the 'functional limitation' and 'psychological disability' domains of the OHIP-14. Higher OHIP-14 scores were associated with higher dental anxiety. Females perceived a higher sense of 'social handicap' and 'handicap' due to their oral status than males. It was also found that patients with caries and missing teeth had higher GHQ-12 scores. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that caries status, psychological distress and dental anxiety had an important effect on the OHRQoL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-184
Number of pages10
JournalOral Health and Preventive Dentistry
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2008

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Quality of Life
Dental Anxiety
Population
Tooth
Health
DMF Index
Psychology
Periodontal Index
Dental Plaque
Gingivitis
Dental Caries
Reproducibility of Results
Interviews
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dental Hygiene

Cite this

@article{0f0b7a36303f480180120a6633a5e934,
title = "Oral health-related quality of life and its associated factors in an Indian adult population",
abstract = "Purpose: The objectives of this study were to describe oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and its associated factors in an Indian adult population. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and fourteen general dental patients completed the Indian translations of the oral health impact profile (OHIP)-14 and the general health questionnaire (GHQ)-12 through personal interviews. A clinical examination was also performed for dental caries, gingivitis and plaque levels. Results: Sufficient reliability (∝ = 0.85) and construct validity were demonstrated for the questionnaire. The mean decayed, missing or filled teeth of the study population was 6.93 and the mean gingival index and plaque index scores were 1.07 and 1.06, respectively. Caries status and the number of missing teeth were found to be significantly correlated with most of the subdomains of the OHIP-14. The GHQ-12 scores were also significantly correlated with the 'functional limitation' and 'psychological disability' domains of the OHIP-14. Higher OHIP-14 scores were associated with higher dental anxiety. Females perceived a higher sense of 'social handicap' and 'handicap' due to their oral status than males. It was also found that patients with caries and missing teeth had higher GHQ-12 scores. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that caries status, psychological distress and dental anxiety had an important effect on the OHRQoL.",
author = "Shashidhar Acharya",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3290/j.ohpd.a13963",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "175--184",
journal = "Oral health & preventive dentistry",
issn = "1602-1622",
publisher = "Quintessence Publishing Company",
number = "3",

}

Oral health-related quality of life and its associated factors in an Indian adult population. / Acharya, Shashidhar.

In: Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry, Vol. 6, No. 3, 01.01.2008, p. 175-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oral health-related quality of life and its associated factors in an Indian adult population

AU - Acharya, Shashidhar

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - Purpose: The objectives of this study were to describe oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and its associated factors in an Indian adult population. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and fourteen general dental patients completed the Indian translations of the oral health impact profile (OHIP)-14 and the general health questionnaire (GHQ)-12 through personal interviews. A clinical examination was also performed for dental caries, gingivitis and plaque levels. Results: Sufficient reliability (∝ = 0.85) and construct validity were demonstrated for the questionnaire. The mean decayed, missing or filled teeth of the study population was 6.93 and the mean gingival index and plaque index scores were 1.07 and 1.06, respectively. Caries status and the number of missing teeth were found to be significantly correlated with most of the subdomains of the OHIP-14. The GHQ-12 scores were also significantly correlated with the 'functional limitation' and 'psychological disability' domains of the OHIP-14. Higher OHIP-14 scores were associated with higher dental anxiety. Females perceived a higher sense of 'social handicap' and 'handicap' due to their oral status than males. It was also found that patients with caries and missing teeth had higher GHQ-12 scores. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that caries status, psychological distress and dental anxiety had an important effect on the OHRQoL.

AB - Purpose: The objectives of this study were to describe oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and its associated factors in an Indian adult population. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and fourteen general dental patients completed the Indian translations of the oral health impact profile (OHIP)-14 and the general health questionnaire (GHQ)-12 through personal interviews. A clinical examination was also performed for dental caries, gingivitis and plaque levels. Results: Sufficient reliability (∝ = 0.85) and construct validity were demonstrated for the questionnaire. The mean decayed, missing or filled teeth of the study population was 6.93 and the mean gingival index and plaque index scores were 1.07 and 1.06, respectively. Caries status and the number of missing teeth were found to be significantly correlated with most of the subdomains of the OHIP-14. The GHQ-12 scores were also significantly correlated with the 'functional limitation' and 'psychological disability' domains of the OHIP-14. Higher OHIP-14 scores were associated with higher dental anxiety. Females perceived a higher sense of 'social handicap' and 'handicap' due to their oral status than males. It was also found that patients with caries and missing teeth had higher GHQ-12 scores. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that caries status, psychological distress and dental anxiety had an important effect on the OHRQoL.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=60849096973&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=60849096973&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3290/j.ohpd.a13963

DO - 10.3290/j.ohpd.a13963

M3 - Article

C2 - 19119571

AN - SCOPUS:60849096973

VL - 6

SP - 175

EP - 184

JO - Oral health & preventive dentistry

JF - Oral health & preventive dentistry

SN - 1602-1622

IS - 3

ER -