Oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children compared with similar aged marginalised group in south western India

Abhinav Singh, Bharathi Purohit, Peter Sequeira, Shashidhar Acharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare and assess oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children with similar aged, marginalised children in coastal region of south western India. Materials and methods: A total of 418 Aborigine children were invited to participate in the study and a total of 428, 5-year-olds were selected randomly for comparison from other government schools to form the other marginalised group. The WHO (1997) proforma was used for clinical examinations. Chi Square test was used to compare between categorical variables. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for comparison between the two groups for quantitative variables. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed to determine the importance of the factors associated with caries status. Odds ratio was calculated for all variables with 95% confidence intervals. P ≠& 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Dental fluorosis was present in 50 (11.9%) Aborigine children, whereas in the other marginalised group 7 (1.6%) children had dental fluorosis (P a;circ 0.001). Untreated dental caries was 76.3% for the Aborigine children and 70.3% in the comparison group. Mean dmft values in the two groups were 4.13 ± 3.90 and 3.58 ± 3.60, respectively (P > 0.01). High frequency of between-meal sugar consumption was related to dental caries (OR = 1.20; P = 0.001). Utilisation of dental care and dental fluorosis were inversely related to dental caries (OR = 1.16; P = 0.001 and OR = 1.91; P = 0.001). Conclusion: The study revealed poor oral health status among both the marginalised groups. Significant differences were noted between the two groups with respect to oral hygiene practices, dietary habits, and dental utilisation pattern. Schools for tribal children, male gender, low frequency of cleaning teeth and higher in between-meal sugar consumption were significantly related to dental caries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-162
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Dental Journal
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2011

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Oral Health
Health Status
India
Dental Caries
Dental Fluorosis
Meals
Tooth
Dental Care
Oral Hygiene
Feeding Behavior
Chi-Square Distribution
Nonparametric Statistics
Linear Models
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children compared with similar aged marginalised group in south western India",
abstract = "Objective: To compare and assess oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children with similar aged, marginalised children in coastal region of south western India. Materials and methods: A total of 418 Aborigine children were invited to participate in the study and a total of 428, 5-year-olds were selected randomly for comparison from other government schools to form the other marginalised group. The WHO (1997) proforma was used for clinical examinations. Chi Square test was used to compare between categorical variables. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for comparison between the two groups for quantitative variables. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed to determine the importance of the factors associated with caries status. Odds ratio was calculated for all variables with 95{\%} confidence intervals. P ≠& 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Dental fluorosis was present in 50 (11.9{\%}) Aborigine children, whereas in the other marginalised group 7 (1.6{\%}) children had dental fluorosis (P a;circ 0.001). Untreated dental caries was 76.3{\%} for the Aborigine children and 70.3{\%} in the comparison group. Mean dmft values in the two groups were 4.13 ± 3.90 and 3.58 ± 3.60, respectively (P > 0.01). High frequency of between-meal sugar consumption was related to dental caries (OR = 1.20; P = 0.001). Utilisation of dental care and dental fluorosis were inversely related to dental caries (OR = 1.16; P = 0.001 and OR = 1.91; P = 0.001). Conclusion: The study revealed poor oral health status among both the marginalised groups. Significant differences were noted between the two groups with respect to oral hygiene practices, dietary habits, and dental utilisation pattern. Schools for tribal children, male gender, low frequency of cleaning teeth and higher in between-meal sugar consumption were significantly related to dental caries.",
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Oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children compared with similar aged marginalised group in south western India. / Singh, Abhinav; Purohit, Bharathi; Sequeira, Peter; Acharya, Shashidhar.

In: International Dental Journal, Vol. 61, No. 3, 01.06.2011, p. 157-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children compared with similar aged marginalised group in south western India

AU - Singh, Abhinav

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AU - Sequeira, Peter

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N2 - Objective: To compare and assess oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children with similar aged, marginalised children in coastal region of south western India. Materials and methods: A total of 418 Aborigine children were invited to participate in the study and a total of 428, 5-year-olds were selected randomly for comparison from other government schools to form the other marginalised group. The WHO (1997) proforma was used for clinical examinations. Chi Square test was used to compare between categorical variables. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for comparison between the two groups for quantitative variables. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed to determine the importance of the factors associated with caries status. Odds ratio was calculated for all variables with 95% confidence intervals. P ≠& 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Dental fluorosis was present in 50 (11.9%) Aborigine children, whereas in the other marginalised group 7 (1.6%) children had dental fluorosis (P a;circ 0.001). Untreated dental caries was 76.3% for the Aborigine children and 70.3% in the comparison group. Mean dmft values in the two groups were 4.13 ± 3.90 and 3.58 ± 3.60, respectively (P > 0.01). High frequency of between-meal sugar consumption was related to dental caries (OR = 1.20; P = 0.001). Utilisation of dental care and dental fluorosis were inversely related to dental caries (OR = 1.16; P = 0.001 and OR = 1.91; P = 0.001). Conclusion: The study revealed poor oral health status among both the marginalised groups. Significant differences were noted between the two groups with respect to oral hygiene practices, dietary habits, and dental utilisation pattern. Schools for tribal children, male gender, low frequency of cleaning teeth and higher in between-meal sugar consumption were significantly related to dental caries.

AB - Objective: To compare and assess oral health status of 5-year-old Aborigine children with similar aged, marginalised children in coastal region of south western India. Materials and methods: A total of 418 Aborigine children were invited to participate in the study and a total of 428, 5-year-olds were selected randomly for comparison from other government schools to form the other marginalised group. The WHO (1997) proforma was used for clinical examinations. Chi Square test was used to compare between categorical variables. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for comparison between the two groups for quantitative variables. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed to determine the importance of the factors associated with caries status. Odds ratio was calculated for all variables with 95% confidence intervals. P ≠& 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Dental fluorosis was present in 50 (11.9%) Aborigine children, whereas in the other marginalised group 7 (1.6%) children had dental fluorosis (P a;circ 0.001). Untreated dental caries was 76.3% for the Aborigine children and 70.3% in the comparison group. Mean dmft values in the two groups were 4.13 ± 3.90 and 3.58 ± 3.60, respectively (P > 0.01). High frequency of between-meal sugar consumption was related to dental caries (OR = 1.20; P = 0.001). Utilisation of dental care and dental fluorosis were inversely related to dental caries (OR = 1.16; P = 0.001 and OR = 1.91; P = 0.001). Conclusion: The study revealed poor oral health status among both the marginalised groups. Significant differences were noted between the two groups with respect to oral hygiene practices, dietary habits, and dental utilisation pattern. Schools for tribal children, male gender, low frequency of cleaning teeth and higher in between-meal sugar consumption were significantly related to dental caries.

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