Oral mucosal lesions and conditions in patients with dermatologic diseases: How common is it?

Arjun Tallada, Junaid Ahmed, Nandita Shenoy, Kashinath Nayak, Nanditha Sujir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Oral lesions are strongly associated with skin lesions and can be easily neglected by dermatologists. This study aimed to estimate the frequency of Oral Mucosal Lesions (OML) in skin disease patients attending the outpatient’s facility of Kasturba Medical College and Hospital (KMCH) in Mangalore city. Method: Randomly selected 1254 dermatology outpatients were examined for dermatological diseases and Oral Mucosal Lesions (OML) of which 180(15%) are related to oral conditions. Systematic comprehensive extra-oral and intra-oral clinical examinations based on visual inspection and palpation following the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for field surveys was carried out. All these patients were questioned about their tobacco usage also. Results: The most frequently observed oral condition was Herpes zoster (10.34 %), Lichen planus (9.20%), Pemphigus vulgaris (8.05%), Hand –foot-and mouth disease ( 8.05%), leukoplakia (6.90%) and Oral submucous fibrosis (6.90%). Conclusions: Our findings revealed that OML were frequently diagnosed in skin disease patients attending KMCH. This data underlines the importance of the diagnosis of oral conditions in Dermatology because they are frequent and may provide guidelines for an appropriate comprehensive management of patients. Our results project the need for a thorough evaluation of all patients for OML and a multidisciplinary approach in the management of such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-90
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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