Outcome of patients with end stage renal disease admitted to an intensive care unit in India

Deven Juneja, Mayoor V. Prabhu, Palepu B. Gopal, S. Mohan, G. Sridhar, K. S. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims.We sought to determine outcome and evaluate performance of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores upon admission in predicting 30-day mortality of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients admitted in ICU. Methods.This prospective observational cohort study examined 73 consecutive ESRD patients admitted in an ICU of a tertiary care institute over 15 months. Primary outcome measure was 30-day mortality. Data on patient characteristics, reason for ICU admission, cause f ESRD, mode of renal replacement, and use of mechanical ventilation (MV) or inotropes were recorded. The APACHE 2 and SOFA scores were calculated based on admission characteristics.Results.First-day median APACHE II, SOFA, and APACHE II-predicted hospital mortality rates were 26 (1449), 7 (417), and 56.9 (18.697.4), respectively. Observed ICU and 30-day mortality rates were 27.4, and 41.1, respectively. During the ICU course, MV and inotropic support was required in 27 (37) and 23 (35.1) patients, respectively. Need for MV (p < 0.001) and inotropic support (p < 0.001) were predictors of 30-day mortality in univariate analysis. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve for APACHE II in predicting 30-day mortality was 0.86 (95 CI, 0.760.93) compared with 0.92 (95 CI, 0.830.97) for SOFA score (p 0.16).Conclusions.Outcome of ESRD patients admitted to ICU is poor, especially if they require other organ support. APACHE II and SOFA scores perform well as predictors of 30-day mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalRenal Failure
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology

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