Oxidative stress and antioxidants in epilepsy

K. Sudha, Ashalatha V. Rao, Anjali Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

210 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, erythrocyte membrane lipid peroxidation, the percentage hemolysis, erythrocyte enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GP), glutathione reductase (GR), catalase, and plasma vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin A and ceruloplasmin activities and concentrations were determined in 29 epileptic patients and 50 normal controls. Ten patients who were treated with phenobarbital and who did not get convulsions for 1 year were considered for followup. Lipid peroxidation and percentage hemolysis in patients with epilepsy was significantly higher when compared to controls. Moreover, plasma ceruloplasmin concentrations were also markedly increased in these cases. Erythrocyte GR and plasma vitamin C and A concentrations were significantly lower in epileptics when compared to controls. In the followup patients, the erythrocyte GR was significantly higher than their pre-treated condition. Furthermore, the plasma vitamin A, E and C concentrations have attained the normal range. This study indicates that the antioxidant status in blood of epileptic patients which was low compared to controls, improved after treatment, suggesting that free radicals may be implicated in epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume303
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17-02-2001

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Oxidative stress
Glutathione Reductase
Epilepsy
Oxidative Stress
Antioxidants
Plasmas
Ceruloplasmin
Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin A
Erythrocytes
Hemolysis
Lipid Peroxidation
Phenobarbital
Membrane Lipids
Glutathione Peroxidase
Catalase
Superoxide Dismutase
Free Radicals
Erythrocyte Membrane
Blood

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

Sudha, K. ; Rao, Ashalatha V. ; Rao, Anjali. / Oxidative stress and antioxidants in epilepsy. In: Clinica Chimica Acta. 2001 ; Vol. 303, No. 1-2. pp. 19-24.
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Oxidative stress and antioxidants in epilepsy. / Sudha, K.; Rao, Ashalatha V.; Rao, Anjali.

In: Clinica Chimica Acta, Vol. 303, No. 1-2, 17.02.2001, p. 19-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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