The emergence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a potential threat in persistent infections can be attributed to the plethora of virulence factors expressed by it. This review discusses the various virulence factors that help this pathogen to establish an infection and regulatory systems controlling these virulence factors. Cell-associated virulence factors such as flagella, type IV pili and non-pilus adhesins have been reviewed. Extracellular virulence factors have also been explained. Quorum-sensing systems present in P. aeruginosa play a cardinal role in regulating the expression of virulence factors. The identification of novel virulence factors in hypervirulent strains indicate that the expression of virulence is dynamic and constantly evolving. An understanding of this is critical for the better clinical management of infections.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)