Pattern of poisoning in autopsy cases at a tertiary care center in bengaluru - A five year retrospective study

Akshith Raj S. Shetty, Y. P. Girish Chandra, Anitha Shivaji, S. Praveen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Poisoning whether accidental or intentional is a significant contributor to mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Pattern of poisoning in a region depends on variety of factors, such as socioeconomic status of population, religious and cultural influence and availability of poisons. Thus, a study of pattern of poisoning would not only help in management of poisoning cases but also in planning appropriate preventive measures. Aim: The aim of present study is to study the pattern of deaths due to poisoning in autopsy cases and to analyse the socio etiological factors involved. Materials and Methods: The study is a 5-year retrospective study conducted at Department of Forensic Medicine, M S Ramaiah Medical College during the period from 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2015. All cases of deaths due to poisoning brought for medico legal autopsy were studied. The data obtained was computed and descriptive analysis of baseline characteristics were analysed and summarized. Results: In our study, 6.77% of the total cases autopsied in the study period belonged to death due to poisoning of which maximum numbers of 198 (66%) cases were seen in male and 100 (34%) cases were female and male to female ratio being 2:1. Most of the poisoning cases were reported in the 21-30 years age group. Majority of cases (73%) were suicidal in manner. Majority of cases were due to OP poisoning. Conclusions: Thus, the study concluded that males are higher in number, and poisoning is seen most commonly among people from the age group of 21-30 years. During the span of the study, poisoning due to insecticide were predominant, constituting about 49% of all poisoning cases, suicidal manner was predominant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-290
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Poisons
Insecticides
Tertiary Care Centers
Poisoning
Medicine
Autopsy
Retrospective Studies
Availability
death
Planning
age group
forensic medicine
morbidity
social status
mortality
planning
management
Age Groups
Forensic Medicine
Case Management

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology
  • Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Shetty, Akshith Raj S. ; Girish Chandra, Y. P. ; Shivaji, Anitha ; Praveen, S. / Pattern of poisoning in autopsy cases at a tertiary care center in bengaluru - A five year retrospective study. In: Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 285-290.
@article{a6eddc9556ad4ca2948703dbd336760d,
title = "Pattern of poisoning in autopsy cases at a tertiary care center in bengaluru - A five year retrospective study",
abstract = "Introduction: Poisoning whether accidental or intentional is a significant contributor to mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Pattern of poisoning in a region depends on variety of factors, such as socioeconomic status of population, religious and cultural influence and availability of poisons. Thus, a study of pattern of poisoning would not only help in management of poisoning cases but also in planning appropriate preventive measures. Aim: The aim of present study is to study the pattern of deaths due to poisoning in autopsy cases and to analyse the socio etiological factors involved. Materials and Methods: The study is a 5-year retrospective study conducted at Department of Forensic Medicine, M S Ramaiah Medical College during the period from 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2015. All cases of deaths due to poisoning brought for medico legal autopsy were studied. The data obtained was computed and descriptive analysis of baseline characteristics were analysed and summarized. Results: In our study, 6.77{\%} of the total cases autopsied in the study period belonged to death due to poisoning of which maximum numbers of 198 (66{\%}) cases were seen in male and 100 (34{\%}) cases were female and male to female ratio being 2:1. Most of the poisoning cases were reported in the 21-30 years age group. Majority of cases (73{\%}) were suicidal in manner. Majority of cases were due to OP poisoning. Conclusions: Thus, the study concluded that males are higher in number, and poisoning is seen most commonly among people from the age group of 21-30 years. During the span of the study, poisoning due to insecticide were predominant, constituting about 49{\%} of all poisoning cases, suicidal manner was predominant.",
author = "Shetty, {Akshith Raj S.} and {Girish Chandra}, {Y. P.} and Anitha Shivaji and S. Praveen",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5958/0973-9130.2018.00056.7",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "285--290",
journal = "Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology",
issn = "0973-9122",
publisher = "Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology",
number = "1",

}

Pattern of poisoning in autopsy cases at a tertiary care center in bengaluru - A five year retrospective study. / Shetty, Akshith Raj S.; Girish Chandra, Y. P.; Shivaji, Anitha; Praveen, S.

In: Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 285-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pattern of poisoning in autopsy cases at a tertiary care center in bengaluru - A five year retrospective study

AU - Shetty, Akshith Raj S.

AU - Girish Chandra, Y. P.

AU - Shivaji, Anitha

AU - Praveen, S.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Introduction: Poisoning whether accidental or intentional is a significant contributor to mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Pattern of poisoning in a region depends on variety of factors, such as socioeconomic status of population, religious and cultural influence and availability of poisons. Thus, a study of pattern of poisoning would not only help in management of poisoning cases but also in planning appropriate preventive measures. Aim: The aim of present study is to study the pattern of deaths due to poisoning in autopsy cases and to analyse the socio etiological factors involved. Materials and Methods: The study is a 5-year retrospective study conducted at Department of Forensic Medicine, M S Ramaiah Medical College during the period from 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2015. All cases of deaths due to poisoning brought for medico legal autopsy were studied. The data obtained was computed and descriptive analysis of baseline characteristics were analysed and summarized. Results: In our study, 6.77% of the total cases autopsied in the study period belonged to death due to poisoning of which maximum numbers of 198 (66%) cases were seen in male and 100 (34%) cases were female and male to female ratio being 2:1. Most of the poisoning cases were reported in the 21-30 years age group. Majority of cases (73%) were suicidal in manner. Majority of cases were due to OP poisoning. Conclusions: Thus, the study concluded that males are higher in number, and poisoning is seen most commonly among people from the age group of 21-30 years. During the span of the study, poisoning due to insecticide were predominant, constituting about 49% of all poisoning cases, suicidal manner was predominant.

AB - Introduction: Poisoning whether accidental or intentional is a significant contributor to mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Pattern of poisoning in a region depends on variety of factors, such as socioeconomic status of population, religious and cultural influence and availability of poisons. Thus, a study of pattern of poisoning would not only help in management of poisoning cases but also in planning appropriate preventive measures. Aim: The aim of present study is to study the pattern of deaths due to poisoning in autopsy cases and to analyse the socio etiological factors involved. Materials and Methods: The study is a 5-year retrospective study conducted at Department of Forensic Medicine, M S Ramaiah Medical College during the period from 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2015. All cases of deaths due to poisoning brought for medico legal autopsy were studied. The data obtained was computed and descriptive analysis of baseline characteristics were analysed and summarized. Results: In our study, 6.77% of the total cases autopsied in the study period belonged to death due to poisoning of which maximum numbers of 198 (66%) cases were seen in male and 100 (34%) cases were female and male to female ratio being 2:1. Most of the poisoning cases were reported in the 21-30 years age group. Majority of cases (73%) were suicidal in manner. Majority of cases were due to OP poisoning. Conclusions: Thus, the study concluded that males are higher in number, and poisoning is seen most commonly among people from the age group of 21-30 years. During the span of the study, poisoning due to insecticide were predominant, constituting about 49% of all poisoning cases, suicidal manner was predominant.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85040963788&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85040963788&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5958/0973-9130.2018.00056.7

DO - 10.5958/0973-9130.2018.00056.7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85040963788

VL - 12

SP - 285

EP - 290

JO - Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

JF - Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

SN - 0973-9122

IS - 1

ER -