Perinatal transmission in Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection: a cross-sectional study from a tertiary care center in North India

Parul Kodan, Nitin Gupta, Sumol Ratna, Aishwarya Ramprasad, Sanjay Ranjan, Neeraj Nischal, Manish Soneja, Naveet Wig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Perinatal transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is an important mode of transmission in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of perinatal transmission of HIV infection in pregnant women living with HIV/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). A cross-sectional study was conducted in which HIV positive females who were pregnant at any time between April 2015 and July 2017 were interviewed and their case records analyzed. The collected data were entered and analyzed using Stata v11. Results were expressed as numbers and percentages for categorical variables and as mean and standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables. In all, 51 women were included in the study, 41 of whom had little knowledge concerning the transmission mode of HIV and its prevention. A total of 28 of these females were diagnosed with HIV during their pregnancy (First trimester -4, second trimester -18 and third trimester -6). A total of four babies delivered by these women were diagnosed with HIV. All the four babies were delivered by mothers who were diagnosed with HIV in or after the second trimester of the pregnancy. There is a need to create awareness amongst pregnant women about the importance of antenatal checkups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-230
Number of pages4
JournalLe infezioni in medicina
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Kodan, P., Gupta, N., Ratna, S., Ramprasad, A., Ranjan, S., Nischal, N., Soneja, M., & Wig, N. (2020). Perinatal transmission in Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection: a cross-sectional study from a tertiary care center in North India. Le infezioni in medicina, 28(2), 227-230.