Periodontal disease as a risk factor in pre-term low birth weight - An assessment of gynecologists′ knowledge

A pilot study

Rekha Shenoy, Dilip Nayak, Peter Sequeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Pre-term low birth weight (PLBW) is a condition having tremendous financial impact on health care systems as well as the affected families. Studies suggest that 18.2% of all PLBW cases may be attributable to periodontal disease. Objectives: To assess gynecologists′ knowledge of periodontal disease as a risk factor in PLBW and their knowledge with regard to the oral manifestations of periodontal disease. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on gynecologists in the city of Mangalore. The respondents were divided into four groups - those practicing only in medical colleges, those having only a private practice, those practicing in both medical colleges and in private practice, and post-graduate students of gynecology in the medical colleges in the city. Statistical Analysis Used: The Chi-square test for proportions was used to test the differences between the groups. Results: Out of a total of 142 gynecologists, 93 participated in the survey. Group II respondents were omitted from the statistical analysis as the response rate was only 18.8%. Periodontal disease was considered to be a risk factor in PLBW by 52 (59.8%) respondents while 13 (14.9%) stated that it was not a risk factor at all. Sixty-seven (77%) respondents stated that bleeding/enlargement of the gingivae was a sign of periodontal infection. Conclusions: Respondents′ knowledge was high regarding the oral manifestations of periodontal disease but was low regarding periodontal disease as a risk factor in PLBW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-16
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Dental Research
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2009

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Term Birth
Low Birth Weight Infant
Periodontal Diseases
Oral Manifestations
Private Practice
Gingiva
Chi-Square Distribution
Surveys and Questionnaires
Gynecology
Hemorrhage
Students
Delivery of Health Care
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Periodontal disease as a risk factor in pre-term low birth weight - An assessment of gynecologists′ knowledge: A pilot study",
abstract = "Background: Pre-term low birth weight (PLBW) is a condition having tremendous financial impact on health care systems as well as the affected families. Studies suggest that 18.2{\%} of all PLBW cases may be attributable to periodontal disease. Objectives: To assess gynecologists′ knowledge of periodontal disease as a risk factor in PLBW and their knowledge with regard to the oral manifestations of periodontal disease. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on gynecologists in the city of Mangalore. The respondents were divided into four groups - those practicing only in medical colleges, those having only a private practice, those practicing in both medical colleges and in private practice, and post-graduate students of gynecology in the medical colleges in the city. Statistical Analysis Used: The Chi-square test for proportions was used to test the differences between the groups. Results: Out of a total of 142 gynecologists, 93 participated in the survey. Group II respondents were omitted from the statistical analysis as the response rate was only 18.8{\%}. Periodontal disease was considered to be a risk factor in PLBW by 52 (59.8{\%}) respondents while 13 (14.9{\%}) stated that it was not a risk factor at all. Sixty-seven (77{\%}) respondents stated that bleeding/enlargement of the gingivae was a sign of periodontal infection. Conclusions: Respondents′ knowledge was high regarding the oral manifestations of periodontal disease but was low regarding periodontal disease as a risk factor in PLBW.",
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Periodontal disease as a risk factor in pre-term low birth weight - An assessment of gynecologists′ knowledge : A pilot study. / Shenoy, Rekha; Nayak, Dilip; Sequeira, Peter.

In: Indian Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 20, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 13-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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