Periodontal disease in pregnancy is a risk factor for preeclampsia

Mamatha Shetty, Prasanna Kumar Shetty, Amitha Ramesh, Biju Thomas, Sumathi Prabhu, Aruna Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many recent studies have evaluated the relation between periodontitis and pregnancy complications. This study aimed to examine the association between preeclampsia and periodontitis in Indian women. A total of 130 pregnant women were enrolled between 26-32 weeks of gestation. Oral health examinations were performed at recruitment and again within 48 hours of delivery to determine the presence and/or progression of periodontitis in all subjects. Pocket depth, clinical attachment loss (CAL), and gingival index were measured in all subjects. There was significant (p <0.05) difference between the preeclampsia and normotensive groups in the distribution of periodontitis both at recruitment and after delivery. Multiple logistic regression demonstrated that periodontitis both at enrolment (OR = 5.78, 95% CI 2.41-13.89) as well as within 48 hours of delivery (OR = 20.15, 95% CI 4.55-89.29), may be associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-721
Number of pages4
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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