Periodontal Health and Its Impact on Quality of Life among Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients

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Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the key public
health issues worldwide. Diabetes mellitus and its related oral
manifestations, particularly in the form of poor periodontal
health, has impact on physical health along with emotional
and psychosocial consequences. The current study was done
to assess periodontal health and its impact of on the quality of
life among type II diabetics.
Materials and methods: A total of 138 diabetic subjects (test
group) and 128 nondiabetic subjects (control group) were
included in the study. Periodontal parameters, such as plaque
index, gingival index, and community periodontal index of treatment
needs (CPITN) index were recorded. Oral health impact
profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire was used to evaluate effect of
periodontal health on quality of life.
Results: Plaque index and gingival index scores were greater
among test group, but were not statistically significant. The
CPITN score was statistically significant when compared with
control and test groups. When the mean of OHIP-14 scores was
compared among two groups, five of the seven subdimensions
were statistically significant. A statistically significant difference
was found when overall total OHIP score was compared among
control and test groups.
Conclusion: Overall oral health and observed oral healthrelated
quality of life were lower among diabetic subjects in
comparison with nondiabetics. Periodontal health was poorer
and needs more attention among diabetic patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1418
Pages (from-to)86
Number of pages89
JournalWorld Journal of Dentistry
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 08-2017

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