Phytases of Probiotic Bacteria: Characteristics and Beneficial Aspects

P. Priyodip, P. Y. Prakash, S. Balaji

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Probiotics play a vital role in clinical applications for the treatment of diarrhea, obesity and urinary tract infections. Phytate, an anti-nutrient, chelates essential minerals that are vital for human health. In the past few decades, research reports emphasize extensively on phytate degradation in animals. There is a growing need for finding alternate strategies of phytate utilization in human, as they are unable to produce phytase. At this juncture, probiotics can be utilized for phytase production to combat mineral deficiency in humans. The main focus of this review is on improving phosphate bioavailability by employing two approaches: supplementation of (1) fermented food products that contain probiotics and (2) recombinant phytase producing bacteria. In addition, several factors influencing phytase activity such as bacterial viability, optimal pH, substrate concentration and specificity were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-154
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Microbiology
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology

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