Phytochemical screening and antibacterial property of carmona retusa (Vahl.) masam

C. P. Chandrappa, M. Govindappa, N. V. Anil Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three different extracts have been prepared with petroleum ether, methanol and chloroform separately from Carmona retusa. Methanol extract have yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, phenols, tannins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, cardenolides except anthraquinones and phlobatannins. Petroleum ether extract have yielded flavonoids, phenols, cardiac glycosides and terpenoids. Chloroform extract have yielded saponins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids and cardenolides. Antibacterial activity of petroleum ether, chloroform and methanol extracts obtained from the leaf of Carmona retusa were tested against four bacteria using the agar diffusion method. The experimental data indicated that all extracts exhibit moderate to appreciable antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Shigella flexneri and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These results may suggest that Carmona retusa could be used as an antibacterial agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences
Volume1
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2012

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Cardiac Glycosides
Terpenes
Phytochemicals
Chloroform
Cardenolides
Methanol
Screening
Phenols
Saponins
Flavonoids
Shigella flexneri
Anthraquinones
Tannins
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Bacilli
Bacillus subtilis
Alkaloids
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Agar
Bacteria

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

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Phytochemical screening and antibacterial property of carmona retusa (Vahl.) masam. / Chandrappa, C. P.; Govindappa, M.; Anil Kumar, N. V.

In: International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 2, 01.01.2012, p. 91-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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