Pinocembrin-Enriched Fractions of Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser Modulates Apoptotic and MAPK Cellular Signaling in HepG2 Cells

Nimmy Kumar, Akhila H. Shrungeswara, Sanchari B. Mallik, Subhankar Biswas, Jesil Mathew, Krishnadas Nandakumar, Jessy Mathew, Richard Lobo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth leading cause of cáncer mortality. Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser (EP), a hemiparasitic plant (Loranthaceae) has potent anti-cancer properties. OBJECTIVE: In the study, we investigated the effect of EP fractions on the expression of apoptosis and mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) markers deregulated in HCC. Bioactivity fractionation was performed to isolate the phytochemical(s) exerting anti-tumor activity in HepG2 cells. METHOD: Anti-proliferative, clonogenic and anti-metastatic effects of EP fractions were examined in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2 by Sulphorhodamine B, colony formation and scratch wound assays respectively in hepatocellular cell line, HepG2. The effects of EP fractions on key markers of apoptosis and MAPK signaling pathways were explored. KEY FINDINGS: EP bioactive fractions showed significant anti-tumor potential, reduced clonogenicity and considerably inhibited cell migration in HepG2 cells in vitro. The fractions augmented annexin V binding and induced apoptosis by causing cell cycle arrest at G2/M and S phase checkpoints. The fractions increased expression levels of p53, bad, cleaved PARP (Poly ADP ribose polymerase) and cleaved Caspase-3. Expression levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (Extracellular signal-regulated kinase) were downregulated. Pinocembrin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside and chrysin were isolated and characterized for the first time from Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that EP fractions induced cell cycle arrest and triggered apoptosis in HepG2 cells by upregulating apoptosis and deactivating MAPK pathway. It signifies that pinocembrin glycoside and chrysin are bioactive phytochemicals contributing to the potent anti-hepatocarcinoma effects on HepG2 cells. Hence, bioactive EP fractions could be used as a therapeutic agent for effective HCC therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1563-1572
Number of pages10
JournalAnti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2018

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Hep G2 Cells
Protein Kinases
Apoptosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Phytochemicals
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
lissamine rhodamine B
Loranthaceae
S Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
G2 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Cell Line
Neoplasms
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
Annexin A5
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Glucosides
Glycosides
Caspase 3
Cell Movement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

@article{362d8a4a32954f28a9e0a54f66b47030,
title = "Pinocembrin-Enriched Fractions of Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser Modulates Apoptotic and MAPK Cellular Signaling in HepG2 Cells",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth leading cause of c{\'a}ncer mortality. Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser (EP), a hemiparasitic plant (Loranthaceae) has potent anti-cancer properties. OBJECTIVE: In the study, we investigated the effect of EP fractions on the expression of apoptosis and mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) markers deregulated in HCC. Bioactivity fractionation was performed to isolate the phytochemical(s) exerting anti-tumor activity in HepG2 cells. METHOD: Anti-proliferative, clonogenic and anti-metastatic effects of EP fractions were examined in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2 by Sulphorhodamine B, colony formation and scratch wound assays respectively in hepatocellular cell line, HepG2. The effects of EP fractions on key markers of apoptosis and MAPK signaling pathways were explored. KEY FINDINGS: EP bioactive fractions showed significant anti-tumor potential, reduced clonogenicity and considerably inhibited cell migration in HepG2 cells in vitro. The fractions augmented annexin V binding and induced apoptosis by causing cell cycle arrest at G2/M and S phase checkpoints. The fractions increased expression levels of p53, bad, cleaved PARP (Poly ADP ribose polymerase) and cleaved Caspase-3. Expression levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (Extracellular signal-regulated kinase) were downregulated. Pinocembrin-7-O-{\ss}-D-glucoside and chrysin were isolated and characterized for the first time from Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that EP fractions induced cell cycle arrest and triggered apoptosis in HepG2 cells by upregulating apoptosis and deactivating MAPK pathway. It signifies that pinocembrin glycoside and chrysin are bioactive phytochemicals contributing to the potent anti-hepatocarcinoma effects on HepG2 cells. Hence, bioactive EP fractions could be used as a therapeutic agent for effective HCC therapy.",
author = "Nimmy Kumar and Shrungeswara, {Akhila H.} and Mallik, {Sanchari B.} and Subhankar Biswas and Jesil Mathew and Krishnadas Nandakumar and Jessy Mathew and Richard Lobo",
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Pinocembrin-Enriched Fractions of Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser Modulates Apoptotic and MAPK Cellular Signaling in HepG2 Cells. / Kumar, Nimmy; Shrungeswara, Akhila H.; Mallik, Sanchari B.; Biswas, Subhankar; Mathew, Jesil; Nandakumar, Krishnadas; Mathew, Jessy; Lobo, Richard.

In: Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry, Vol. 18, No. 11, 01.01.2018, p. 1563-1572.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pinocembrin-Enriched Fractions of Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser Modulates Apoptotic and MAPK Cellular Signaling in HepG2 Cells

AU - Kumar, Nimmy

AU - Shrungeswara, Akhila H.

AU - Mallik, Sanchari B.

AU - Biswas, Subhankar

AU - Mathew, Jesil

AU - Nandakumar, Krishnadas

AU - Mathew, Jessy

AU - Lobo, Richard

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth leading cause of cáncer mortality. Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser (EP), a hemiparasitic plant (Loranthaceae) has potent anti-cancer properties. OBJECTIVE: In the study, we investigated the effect of EP fractions on the expression of apoptosis and mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) markers deregulated in HCC. Bioactivity fractionation was performed to isolate the phytochemical(s) exerting anti-tumor activity in HepG2 cells. METHOD: Anti-proliferative, clonogenic and anti-metastatic effects of EP fractions were examined in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2 by Sulphorhodamine B, colony formation and scratch wound assays respectively in hepatocellular cell line, HepG2. The effects of EP fractions on key markers of apoptosis and MAPK signaling pathways were explored. KEY FINDINGS: EP bioactive fractions showed significant anti-tumor potential, reduced clonogenicity and considerably inhibited cell migration in HepG2 cells in vitro. The fractions augmented annexin V binding and induced apoptosis by causing cell cycle arrest at G2/M and S phase checkpoints. The fractions increased expression levels of p53, bad, cleaved PARP (Poly ADP ribose polymerase) and cleaved Caspase-3. Expression levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (Extracellular signal-regulated kinase) were downregulated. Pinocembrin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside and chrysin were isolated and characterized for the first time from Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that EP fractions induced cell cycle arrest and triggered apoptosis in HepG2 cells by upregulating apoptosis and deactivating MAPK pathway. It signifies that pinocembrin glycoside and chrysin are bioactive phytochemicals contributing to the potent anti-hepatocarcinoma effects on HepG2 cells. Hence, bioactive EP fractions could be used as a therapeutic agent for effective HCC therapy.

AB - BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth leading cause of cáncer mortality. Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser (EP), a hemiparasitic plant (Loranthaceae) has potent anti-cancer properties. OBJECTIVE: In the study, we investigated the effect of EP fractions on the expression of apoptosis and mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) markers deregulated in HCC. Bioactivity fractionation was performed to isolate the phytochemical(s) exerting anti-tumor activity in HepG2 cells. METHOD: Anti-proliferative, clonogenic and anti-metastatic effects of EP fractions were examined in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2 by Sulphorhodamine B, colony formation and scratch wound assays respectively in hepatocellular cell line, HepG2. The effects of EP fractions on key markers of apoptosis and MAPK signaling pathways were explored. KEY FINDINGS: EP bioactive fractions showed significant anti-tumor potential, reduced clonogenicity and considerably inhibited cell migration in HepG2 cells in vitro. The fractions augmented annexin V binding and induced apoptosis by causing cell cycle arrest at G2/M and S phase checkpoints. The fractions increased expression levels of p53, bad, cleaved PARP (Poly ADP ribose polymerase) and cleaved Caspase-3. Expression levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (Extracellular signal-regulated kinase) were downregulated. Pinocembrin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside and chrysin were isolated and characterized for the first time from Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that EP fractions induced cell cycle arrest and triggered apoptosis in HepG2 cells by upregulating apoptosis and deactivating MAPK pathway. It signifies that pinocembrin glycoside and chrysin are bioactive phytochemicals contributing to the potent anti-hepatocarcinoma effects on HepG2 cells. Hence, bioactive EP fractions could be used as a therapeutic agent for effective HCC therapy.

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