Portable lead analyzer to locate source of lead

Ajee Kuruvilla, V. V. Pillay, T. Venkatesh, P. Adhikari, M. Chakrapani, C. S. Clark, H. D'Souza, G. Menezes, N. Nayak, R. Clark, S. Sinha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To investigate the sources of lead in the environment in children with elevated blood, with the help of a Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Analyzer. Methods. One hundred and seven school children were chosen for this study on a random basis, from Mangalore and Karnataka. Their blood lead was analyzed. Of the cases analyzed, 10 students whose blood lead level was more than 40 μg/dl were investigated using a field portable X-Ray Fluorescence Analyzer. This is the first time such a device has been available for this purpose in India. Results: The 'likely' source of lead exposure could be determined in eight cases which was from the immediate environment of the children like 'lead-based' paint on surfaces in the house, on playground and other exterior equipment; lead storage batteries, contaminated dust and soil and other lead-containing substances. Conclusion: The use of an X-Ray Fluorescence Analyser appeared to be useful in determining the source of lead.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-499
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 06-2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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