Abstract

Aim: There is strong evidence to suggest vertical and horizontal modes of transmission of human papilloma virus (HPV), an established etiologic agent of cervical cancer. Infants, children, and adults can acquire both high-risk and low-risk infections by birth or by close contact even though HPV is mainly transmitted sexually. A thorough review of the literature was performed to assess the possible non-sexual modes of transmission of HPV. Methods: An electronic search of databases for review articles, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, and case reports on non-sexual modes of transmission among sexually unexposed women and children was carried out using search terms such as “human papilloma virus, HPV, transmission, horizontal transmission, vertical transmission, and fomites”. Articles published between 1983 and 2015 were retrieved. Results: Epidemiological and clinical data support various non-sexual modes of transmission especially at the time of birth and by close contact. Even though the role of fomites in the transmission of HPV is not well established, HPV-DNA positivity has been reported in transvaginal ultrasound probes and colposcopes after routine disinfection. Conclusion: Awareness needs to be spread among the public about alternate modes of transmission. For a proper understanding of the exact natural history of HPV infection acquired via the non-sexual route, long-term prospective studies need to be undertaken.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-435
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2017

Fingerprint

Papillomaviridae
Fomites
Colposcopes
Parturition
Disinfection
Virus Diseases
Natural History
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Cohort Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

@article{41492cb3d5f54f45b08f33860edc77f7,
title = "Possible non-sexual modes of transmission of human papilloma virus",
abstract = "Aim: There is strong evidence to suggest vertical and horizontal modes of transmission of human papilloma virus (HPV), an established etiologic agent of cervical cancer. Infants, children, and adults can acquire both high-risk and low-risk infections by birth or by close contact even though HPV is mainly transmitted sexually. A thorough review of the literature was performed to assess the possible non-sexual modes of transmission of HPV. Methods: An electronic search of databases for review articles, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, and case reports on non-sexual modes of transmission among sexually unexposed women and children was carried out using search terms such as “human papilloma virus, HPV, transmission, horizontal transmission, vertical transmission, and fomites”. Articles published between 1983 and 2015 were retrieved. Results: Epidemiological and clinical data support various non-sexual modes of transmission especially at the time of birth and by close contact. Even though the role of fomites in the transmission of HPV is not well established, HPV-DNA positivity has been reported in transvaginal ultrasound probes and colposcopes after routine disinfection. Conclusion: Awareness needs to be spread among the public about alternate modes of transmission. For a proper understanding of the exact natural history of HPV infection acquired via the non-sexual route, long-term prospective studies need to be undertaken.",
author = "Sasidharanpillai Sabeena and Parvati Bhat and Veena Kamath and Govindakarnavar Arunkumar",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jog.13248",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "429--435",
journal = "Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research",
issn = "1341-8076",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Asia",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Possible non-sexual modes of transmission of human papilloma virus

AU - Sabeena, Sasidharanpillai

AU - Bhat, Parvati

AU - Kamath, Veena

AU - Arunkumar, Govindakarnavar

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Aim: There is strong evidence to suggest vertical and horizontal modes of transmission of human papilloma virus (HPV), an established etiologic agent of cervical cancer. Infants, children, and adults can acquire both high-risk and low-risk infections by birth or by close contact even though HPV is mainly transmitted sexually. A thorough review of the literature was performed to assess the possible non-sexual modes of transmission of HPV. Methods: An electronic search of databases for review articles, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, and case reports on non-sexual modes of transmission among sexually unexposed women and children was carried out using search terms such as “human papilloma virus, HPV, transmission, horizontal transmission, vertical transmission, and fomites”. Articles published between 1983 and 2015 were retrieved. Results: Epidemiological and clinical data support various non-sexual modes of transmission especially at the time of birth and by close contact. Even though the role of fomites in the transmission of HPV is not well established, HPV-DNA positivity has been reported in transvaginal ultrasound probes and colposcopes after routine disinfection. Conclusion: Awareness needs to be spread among the public about alternate modes of transmission. For a proper understanding of the exact natural history of HPV infection acquired via the non-sexual route, long-term prospective studies need to be undertaken.

AB - Aim: There is strong evidence to suggest vertical and horizontal modes of transmission of human papilloma virus (HPV), an established etiologic agent of cervical cancer. Infants, children, and adults can acquire both high-risk and low-risk infections by birth or by close contact even though HPV is mainly transmitted sexually. A thorough review of the literature was performed to assess the possible non-sexual modes of transmission of HPV. Methods: An electronic search of databases for review articles, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, and case reports on non-sexual modes of transmission among sexually unexposed women and children was carried out using search terms such as “human papilloma virus, HPV, transmission, horizontal transmission, vertical transmission, and fomites”. Articles published between 1983 and 2015 were retrieved. Results: Epidemiological and clinical data support various non-sexual modes of transmission especially at the time of birth and by close contact. Even though the role of fomites in the transmission of HPV is not well established, HPV-DNA positivity has been reported in transvaginal ultrasound probes and colposcopes after routine disinfection. Conclusion: Awareness needs to be spread among the public about alternate modes of transmission. For a proper understanding of the exact natural history of HPV infection acquired via the non-sexual route, long-term prospective studies need to be undertaken.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85012982977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85012982977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jog.13248

DO - 10.1111/jog.13248

M3 - Review article

C2 - 28165175

AN - SCOPUS:85012982977

VL - 43

SP - 429

EP - 435

JO - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research

JF - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research

SN - 1341-8076

IS - 3

ER -