Pre-operative anxiety in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery – A cross-sectional study

C. Ramesh, Baby S. Nayak, Vasudev Baburaya Pai, Anice George, Linu Sara George, Elsa Sanatombi Devi

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is an important treatment for the patients with coronary artery disease to reduce angina and enhance the quality of life. Anxiety is a usual reaction to a stressful situation and is existing in patients awaiting surgery. Objective The objective of the study was to assess pre-operative anxiety in patients who were undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Methods A cross-sectional study consisting of 140 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included in the study using a convenience sampling technique in a tertiary care referral hospital. The data was collected using state-trait anxiety inventory. The data were entered into SPSS (version – 20.0) for windows and descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Results The study enrolled 140 (117 males and 23 females) patients. Their mean age was 57.29 ± 8.14 (range 35–70 years). Most of the patients 118 (84%) had preoperative anxiety before coronary artery bypass graft surgery. There was an association found between gender and anxiety with Pearson chi-square value of 11.57 (p < 0.001). Discussion Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery is experiencing the high level of pre-operative anxiety and females had higher anxiety than the males. Identification of the pre-operative anxiety in patients undergoing CABG surgery is essential because it helps the health professionals and nurses to develop effective and appropriate interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

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