Background. Only a few patients with end-stage renal disease in the Indian subcontinent receive optimal treatment. Of these only a minority can afford a second renal transplant. Awareness of modifiable pre-transplant risk factors that influence allograft function is crucial before embarking on the first transplant. There are no reports from the Asian subcontinent describing the pre-transplant risk factors. Methods. We studied the effect of donor age, gender, and relation with the recipient, patient age, gender, HLA matching, native kidney disease and immunosuppression on one-year allograft function using data from 1177 consecutive primary living related donor renal transplants at the Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore. We performed a univariate followed by a multivariate analysis using a logistic regression model to calculate the odds ratio for the effect of the above factors on two levels of graft function (serum creatinine > 1.4 mg/dl and > 2 mg/dl) at one year. Results. On univariate analysis, older donors, women donors, mother being the donor, men recipients, < 1 HLA antigen match, cyclosporine-based immunosuppression and patient age between 16 and 40 years were associated with serum creatinine levels > 1.4 mg/dl at one year. Multivariate analysis showed that donor-related factors, namely mother as donor, older donors, and a ≤1 HLA antigen match, were risk factors for graft dysfunction (serum creatinine level > 1.4 mg/dl) at one year. Recipient-related risk factors were male patients and those between the age of 16 and 40 years. Conclusion. In patients undergoing living related donor renal transplants from large extended families, a younger haplomatched donor, for instance, a brother, is a better choice than an older haplomatched donor, for instance, the mother, particularly in young male recipients at a higher risk of renal dysfunction.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||National Medical Journal of India|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-2001|
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