Background: Prediction of the mode of delivery is crucial for better labour outcome. Recent studies suggest that the angle of progression (AOP), measured using transperineal ultrasound, can substantially aid the assessment of fetal head descent during labor, thereby predicting the mode of delivery. Objective: To assess the ability of the AOP measured by transperineal ultrasound to predict the mode of delivery in nulliparous women before the onset of labor. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at our hospital, of nulliparous women who had presented to the antenatal clinic at ≥ 38 weeks of gestation but not in labor. AOP was measured using transperineal ultrasonography and compared among the women having Caesarean section (CS) due to labor dystocia and vaginal delivery (VD). Various other confounding factors which increase the risk of caesarean section were analyzed. Results: Among total 120 nulliparous women, the mean AOP was narrower in patients undergoing CS (n = 28) compared to those with VD (n = 92) (91.6 ± 6.1° vs. 100.7 ± 6.9°; P < 0.01). Multivari-able logistic regression analysis revealed that narrow AOP values (OR 3.66; P < 0.001; 95% CI 1.7-14.5) and occiput-posterior fetal position (OR 1.63; P = 0.04; 95% CI 1.0-7.5) were the independent risk factors for CS. An AOP ≥ 96° (calculated from the ROC curve) was associated with VD in 95% (76/80) of women and an AOP < 96° was observed among 60% (24/40) of women who underwent CS. Conclusion: Narrow AOP (< 96°) and occiput-posterior fetal position are at higher risk for CS due to labor dystocia. AOP measured at the antenatal period could accurately predict the mode of delivery, thereby modifying labor outcome.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology