Preparation and characterization of corn cob activated carbon coated with nano-sized magnetite particles for the removal of Cr(VI)

S. Nethaji, A. Sivasamy, A. B. Mandal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activated carbon prepared from corn cob biomass, magnetized by magnetite nanoparticles (MCCAC) was used for the adsorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution. The adsorbent was characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, VSM, surface functionality and zero-point charge. The iron oxide nanoparticles were of 50. nm sizes and the saturation magnetization value for the adsorbent is 48.43. emu/g. Adsorption was maximum at pH 2. Isotherm data were modeled using Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm. The prepared MCCAC had a heterogeneous surface. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 57.37. mg/g. Kinetic studies were carried out and the data fitted the pseudo second-order equation. The mechanism of the adsorption process was studied by incorporating the kinetic data with intraparticle diffusion model, Bangham equation and Boyd plot. The adsorption was by chemisorption and the external mass transfer was the rate-determining step. A micro column was designed and the basic column parameters were estimated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-100
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Ferrosoferric Oxide
Magnetite
Activated carbon
activated carbon
magnetite
maize
adsorption
Adsorption
Adsorbents
Isotherms
isotherm
Magnetite Nanoparticles
Magnetite nanoparticles
kinetics
Kinetics
Saturation magnetization
Chemisorption
Iron oxides
magnetization
iron oxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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abstract = "Activated carbon prepared from corn cob biomass, magnetized by magnetite nanoparticles (MCCAC) was used for the adsorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution. The adsorbent was characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, VSM, surface functionality and zero-point charge. The iron oxide nanoparticles were of 50. nm sizes and the saturation magnetization value for the adsorbent is 48.43. emu/g. Adsorption was maximum at pH 2. Isotherm data were modeled using Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm. The prepared MCCAC had a heterogeneous surface. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 57.37. mg/g. Kinetic studies were carried out and the data fitted the pseudo second-order equation. The mechanism of the adsorption process was studied by incorporating the kinetic data with intraparticle diffusion model, Bangham equation and Boyd plot. The adsorption was by chemisorption and the external mass transfer was the rate-determining step. A micro column was designed and the basic column parameters were estimated.",
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Preparation and characterization of corn cob activated carbon coated with nano-sized magnetite particles for the removal of Cr(VI). / Nethaji, S.; Sivasamy, A.; Mandal, A. B.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 134, 2013, p. 94-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preparation and characterization of corn cob activated carbon coated with nano-sized magnetite particles for the removal of Cr(VI)

AU - Nethaji, S.

AU - Sivasamy, A.

AU - Mandal, A. B.

PY - 2013

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N2 - Activated carbon prepared from corn cob biomass, magnetized by magnetite nanoparticles (MCCAC) was used for the adsorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution. The adsorbent was characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, VSM, surface functionality and zero-point charge. The iron oxide nanoparticles were of 50. nm sizes and the saturation magnetization value for the adsorbent is 48.43. emu/g. Adsorption was maximum at pH 2. Isotherm data were modeled using Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm. The prepared MCCAC had a heterogeneous surface. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 57.37. mg/g. Kinetic studies were carried out and the data fitted the pseudo second-order equation. The mechanism of the adsorption process was studied by incorporating the kinetic data with intraparticle diffusion model, Bangham equation and Boyd plot. The adsorption was by chemisorption and the external mass transfer was the rate-determining step. A micro column was designed and the basic column parameters were estimated.

AB - Activated carbon prepared from corn cob biomass, magnetized by magnetite nanoparticles (MCCAC) was used for the adsorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution. The adsorbent was characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, VSM, surface functionality and zero-point charge. The iron oxide nanoparticles were of 50. nm sizes and the saturation magnetization value for the adsorbent is 48.43. emu/g. Adsorption was maximum at pH 2. Isotherm data were modeled using Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm. The prepared MCCAC had a heterogeneous surface. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 57.37. mg/g. Kinetic studies were carried out and the data fitted the pseudo second-order equation. The mechanism of the adsorption process was studied by incorporating the kinetic data with intraparticle diffusion model, Bangham equation and Boyd plot. The adsorption was by chemisorption and the external mass transfer was the rate-determining step. A micro column was designed and the basic column parameters were estimated.

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