Aim: To evaluate the prescription pattern of patients with BD, currently in clinical remission. Additional aim of the study was tocompare the prescription pattern across different study centres. Methodology: Prescription of 773 patients, currently in clinical remission, recruited from the outpatient setting of 14 General Hospital Tertiary Care Units of tertiary care centres in the country were evaluated. Results: Almost all (98.1 %) participants were on medications at the time of assessment. In terms of conventional mood stabilizers, those receiving valproate (44.2 %), out-numbered those receiving lithium (38.9 %). A small proportion (7.4 %) was receiving a combination of both valproate and lithium. About two-third (62.5 %) were receiving at least one antipsychotic medication, with olanzapine (31.7 %) being the most commonly prescribed antipsychotic, followed by quetiapine (11.1 %), and risperidone (9.6 %). About one-third (34.4 %) of the participants were receiving antidepressants, with sertraline (22.6 %) forming bulk of the prescription. Less than half (43.9 %) of the participants were also receiving a benzodiazepine medication at the time of assessment, with chlordiazepoxide (18 %) being the most common agent, followed by clonazepam (14.5 %). There was variation in the prescription patterns across different centres, in terms of monotherapy, polypharmacy, use of preferred conventional mood stabilizers, use of various antipsychotics and antidepressants. Conclusion: Besides conventional mood stabilizers, about two-third of patients with bipolar disorder received concomitant antipsychotics, one-third received concomitant antidepressants and less than half received benzodiazepines.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health