Prescription patterns in clinically stable patients with bipolar disorder: Findings from the Bipolar Disorder Course and Outcome from India (BiD-CoIN) study

Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Rahul Chakravarty, Amitava Dan, Kaustav Chakraborty, Rajarshi Neogi, Avinash Desouza, Omkar Nayak, Samir Kumar Praharaj, Vikas Menon, Ramandeep Pattanayak, Manish Bathla, Alka A. Subramanyam, Naresh Nebhinani, Prosenjit Ghosh, Bhavesh Lakdawala, Ranjan Bhattacharya, Ab Majid Gania

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the prescription pattern of patients with BD, currently in clinical remission. Additional aim of the study was tocompare the prescription pattern across different study centres. Methodology: Prescription of 773 patients, currently in clinical remission, recruited from the outpatient setting of 14 General Hospital Tertiary Care Units of tertiary care centres in the country were evaluated. Results: Almost all (98.1 %) participants were on medications at the time of assessment. In terms of conventional mood stabilizers, those receiving valproate (44.2 %), out-numbered those receiving lithium (38.9 %). A small proportion (7.4 %) was receiving a combination of both valproate and lithium. About two-third (62.5 %) were receiving at least one antipsychotic medication, with olanzapine (31.7 %) being the most commonly prescribed antipsychotic, followed by quetiapine (11.1 %), and risperidone (9.6 %). About one-third (34.4 %) of the participants were receiving antidepressants, with sertraline (22.6 %) forming bulk of the prescription. Less than half (43.9 %) of the participants were also receiving a benzodiazepine medication at the time of assessment, with chlordiazepoxide (18 %) being the most common agent, followed by clonazepam (14.5 %). There was variation in the prescription patterns across different centres, in terms of monotherapy, polypharmacy, use of preferred conventional mood stabilizers, use of various antipsychotics and antidepressants. Conclusion: Besides conventional mood stabilizers, about two-third of patients with bipolar disorder received concomitant antipsychotics, one-third received concomitant antidepressants and less than half received benzodiazepines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102549
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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