Prevalence and risk factors for dental erosion among 11- to 14-year-old school children in South India

Sandeep Kumar, Shashidhar Acharya, Prashant Mishra, Nitai Debnath, Ramprasad Vasthare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the prevalence and severity of dental erosion and to determine the potential risk factors for dental erosion among 11- to 14-year-old school children in South India. The total sample size for the study was 605, of which 303 school children were from private schools and 302 from public schools. A questionnaire was designed to record information about sociodemographic characteristics, oral hygiene practices, dietary habits and risk factors for dental erosion. Chi square test, bivariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis were performed to analyse the data. The children who consumed lemon several times a day (OR = 13.41, P < 0.001), and those who preferred carbonated drinks (OR = 2.80, P = 0.007) had a higher tendency to develop dental erosion. The overall prevalence of dental erosion was found to be low (8.9%). Erosion was found to be greater in posterior teeth (65.6%) than anterior teeth (34.4%). Loss of enamel only with loss of surface contour was observed in most (94.8%) of the cases. The prevalence of dental erosion was found to be low in school children. Private school children were affected more by dental erosion. Frequency of lemon consumption and consumption of carbonated drinks were identified as risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of oral science
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2013

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Tooth Erosion
India
Carbonated Beverages
Tooth
Oral Hygiene
Feeding Behavior
Chi-Square Distribution
Dental Enamel
Sample Size
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the prevalence and severity of dental erosion and to determine the potential risk factors for dental erosion among 11- to 14-year-old school children in South India. The total sample size for the study was 605, of which 303 school children were from private schools and 302 from public schools. A questionnaire was designed to record information about sociodemographic characteristics, oral hygiene practices, dietary habits and risk factors for dental erosion. Chi square test, bivariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis were performed to analyse the data. The children who consumed lemon several times a day (OR = 13.41, P < 0.001), and those who preferred carbonated drinks (OR = 2.80, P = 0.007) had a higher tendency to develop dental erosion. The overall prevalence of dental erosion was found to be low (8.9{\%}). Erosion was found to be greater in posterior teeth (65.6{\%}) than anterior teeth (34.4{\%}). Loss of enamel only with loss of surface contour was observed in most (94.8{\%}) of the cases. The prevalence of dental erosion was found to be low in school children. Private school children were affected more by dental erosion. Frequency of lemon consumption and consumption of carbonated drinks were identified as risk factors.",
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Prevalence and risk factors for dental erosion among 11- to 14-year-old school children in South India. / Kumar, Sandeep; Acharya, Shashidhar; Mishra, Prashant; Debnath, Nitai; Vasthare, Ramprasad.

In: Journal of oral science, Vol. 55, No. 4, 01.01.2013, p. 329-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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