Prevalence of Foot Complications in People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Community-Based Survey in Rural Udupi

Arun Gundmi Maiya, Shubha Gundmi, Prabhath Matpady, Radhika Jadhav, Ramachandra Lingadakai, Manjunatha Hande, Veena G. Kamath, K. N. Shivashankar, P. Chinmayee, Animesh Hazari, Nagarathna Shastri, Rohini Hande, Mads Mundt Loftager, Sundar Kumar Veluswamy, Edward Jude

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of foot complications among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the rural part of Udupi district, Karnataka, India. A cross-sectional observational study design was conducted in the rural area of Udupi district. In the study, accredited social health activists were trained to screen people with type 2 diabetes mellitus for diabetic foot complications at a community level. Adults over 35 years of age were screened for the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus by accredited social health activists who reside in the rural part of Udupi district. Participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in the study. Blood glucose level was measured using a glucometer. Foot examination was done by visual inspection, monofilament, tuning fork, and pedal pulse. In the present study, 2110 among the total participants were found to have type 2 diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of musculoskeletal foot complications was 1218 (58%), vascular problem 466 (22.2%), sensory neuropathy 634 (30.2%), autonomic neuropathy 1729 (81.9%), ulcer 134 (6.38%), and infection 561 (26.7%) among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the current study, we found 84.7% of people residing in rural Udupi had type 2 diabetes mellitus. Hence, there is a strong need to create awareness about diabetic foot care in these people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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    Maiya, A. G., Gundmi, S., Matpady, P., Jadhav, R., Lingadakai, R., Hande, M., Kamath, V. G., Shivashankar, K. N., Chinmayee, P., Hazari, A., Shastri, N., Hande, R., Loftager, M. M., Veluswamy, S. K., & Jude, E. (2018). Prevalence of Foot Complications in People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Community-Based Survey in Rural Udupi. International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds, 17(3), 169-175. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534734618791853