Prevalence of Goiter in rural area of Belgaum district, Karnataka

R. Kamath, Vinod Bhat, Rsp Rao, Acharya Das, K. Ganesh, Asha Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To determine the prevalence of goiter and to study the factors influencing goiter among people of the rural community in Karnataka state, a community based study. Setting and Study Design: A cross sectional study was carried out to find out the prevalence of goiter in a rural community of Belgaum district. The study was conducted by house-to-house survey for a period of one month. Materials and Methods: Two villages (Handiganur and Gundwad) were selected randomly from Belgaum and Raibag taluks of Belgaum district. All the family members in each household were examined for the presence of goiter using WHO criteria. Iodine content of the salt sample obtained from each household was estimated by using spot testing kits. Information regarding the determinants of goiter was collected and recorded in a pre tested proforma. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS statistical packages. Results: The prevalence of goiter among rural population was found to be 16.6%. Goiter of grade 1 was 15.7% and that of grade 2 was 0.9%. Prevalence among males and females were 7.2% and 21.8%, respectively. The prevalence of goiter was highest among adolescents. Estimation of iodine content in the salt sample revealed that 50% of samples had adequate iodine content (> 15 ppm). Multiple Logistic Regression Analysis revealed that females of the age group 10-49 years were independently associated with goiter. Conclusion: Prevalence of goiter was relatively high and therefore constituted a public health problem in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-51
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Community Medicine
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2009

Fingerprint

Goiter
Rural Population
Iodine
Salts
Public Health
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kamath, R. ; Bhat, Vinod ; Rao, Rsp ; Das, Acharya ; Ganesh, K. ; Kamath, Asha. / Prevalence of Goiter in rural area of Belgaum district, Karnataka. In: Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 48-51.
@article{da8a4330ac0540e4ab86b0fefc0e9e43,
title = "Prevalence of Goiter in rural area of Belgaum district, Karnataka",
abstract = "Background: To determine the prevalence of goiter and to study the factors influencing goiter among people of the rural community in Karnataka state, a community based study. Setting and Study Design: A cross sectional study was carried out to find out the prevalence of goiter in a rural community of Belgaum district. The study was conducted by house-to-house survey for a period of one month. Materials and Methods: Two villages (Handiganur and Gundwad) were selected randomly from Belgaum and Raibag taluks of Belgaum district. All the family members in each household were examined for the presence of goiter using WHO criteria. Iodine content of the salt sample obtained from each household was estimated by using spot testing kits. Information regarding the determinants of goiter was collected and recorded in a pre tested proforma. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS statistical packages. Results: The prevalence of goiter among rural population was found to be 16.6{\%}. Goiter of grade 1 was 15.7{\%} and that of grade 2 was 0.9{\%}. Prevalence among males and females were 7.2{\%} and 21.8{\%}, respectively. The prevalence of goiter was highest among adolescents. Estimation of iodine content in the salt sample revealed that 50{\%} of samples had adequate iodine content (> 15 ppm). Multiple Logistic Regression Analysis revealed that females of the age group 10-49 years were independently associated with goiter. Conclusion: Prevalence of goiter was relatively high and therefore constituted a public health problem in this region.",
author = "R. Kamath and Vinod Bhat and Rsp Rao and Acharya Das and K. Ganesh and Asha Kamath",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4103/0970-0218.45373",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "48--51",
journal = "Indian Journal of Community Medicine",
issn = "0970-0218",
publisher = "Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd",
number = "1",

}

Prevalence of Goiter in rural area of Belgaum district, Karnataka. / Kamath, R.; Bhat, Vinod; Rao, Rsp; Das, Acharya; Ganesh, K.; Kamath, Asha.

In: Indian Journal of Community Medicine, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 48-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of Goiter in rural area of Belgaum district, Karnataka

AU - Kamath, R.

AU - Bhat, Vinod

AU - Rao, Rsp

AU - Das, Acharya

AU - Ganesh, K.

AU - Kamath, Asha

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - Background: To determine the prevalence of goiter and to study the factors influencing goiter among people of the rural community in Karnataka state, a community based study. Setting and Study Design: A cross sectional study was carried out to find out the prevalence of goiter in a rural community of Belgaum district. The study was conducted by house-to-house survey for a period of one month. Materials and Methods: Two villages (Handiganur and Gundwad) were selected randomly from Belgaum and Raibag taluks of Belgaum district. All the family members in each household were examined for the presence of goiter using WHO criteria. Iodine content of the salt sample obtained from each household was estimated by using spot testing kits. Information regarding the determinants of goiter was collected and recorded in a pre tested proforma. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS statistical packages. Results: The prevalence of goiter among rural population was found to be 16.6%. Goiter of grade 1 was 15.7% and that of grade 2 was 0.9%. Prevalence among males and females were 7.2% and 21.8%, respectively. The prevalence of goiter was highest among adolescents. Estimation of iodine content in the salt sample revealed that 50% of samples had adequate iodine content (> 15 ppm). Multiple Logistic Regression Analysis revealed that females of the age group 10-49 years were independently associated with goiter. Conclusion: Prevalence of goiter was relatively high and therefore constituted a public health problem in this region.

AB - Background: To determine the prevalence of goiter and to study the factors influencing goiter among people of the rural community in Karnataka state, a community based study. Setting and Study Design: A cross sectional study was carried out to find out the prevalence of goiter in a rural community of Belgaum district. The study was conducted by house-to-house survey for a period of one month. Materials and Methods: Two villages (Handiganur and Gundwad) were selected randomly from Belgaum and Raibag taluks of Belgaum district. All the family members in each household were examined for the presence of goiter using WHO criteria. Iodine content of the salt sample obtained from each household was estimated by using spot testing kits. Information regarding the determinants of goiter was collected and recorded in a pre tested proforma. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS statistical packages. Results: The prevalence of goiter among rural population was found to be 16.6%. Goiter of grade 1 was 15.7% and that of grade 2 was 0.9%. Prevalence among males and females were 7.2% and 21.8%, respectively. The prevalence of goiter was highest among adolescents. Estimation of iodine content in the salt sample revealed that 50% of samples had adequate iodine content (> 15 ppm). Multiple Logistic Regression Analysis revealed that females of the age group 10-49 years were independently associated with goiter. Conclusion: Prevalence of goiter was relatively high and therefore constituted a public health problem in this region.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=60749133018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=60749133018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4103/0970-0218.45373

DO - 10.4103/0970-0218.45373

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 48

EP - 51

JO - Indian Journal of Community Medicine

JF - Indian Journal of Community Medicine

SN - 0970-0218

IS - 1

ER -