Prevalence of HPV in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in South West India

Pooja Dalakoti, Balakrishnan Ramaswamy, Ajay M. Bhandarkar, Dipak Ranjan Nayak, Sasidharanpillai Sabeena, Govindakarnavar Arunkumar

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Abstract

There are inconsistent reports regarding the role of HPV in the origin and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The observed heterogeneity was mainly attributed to the social and cultural habits of the enrolled cases, discrepancies in the nature of samples procured and varying sensitivity of the assays employed for detection of HPV. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of HPV in OSCC in South West India. This was a cross sectional study conducted over a period extending from October 2015 to June 2017. This study involved Department of ENT-Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Virology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education. Fifty histologically confirmed oral squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing wide local excision of the tumour were enrolled for the study. Intraoperatively 4–5 mm of tissue samples were transported in sterile normal saline at 4–80 °C. The primary screening of tissue samples was performed by nested PCR using PGMY09/11 consensus primers and GP5+/6+ consensus primers and TaqMan based real time multiplex PCR for HPV-16, HPV-18, HPV-31 and HPV-45. All samples tested negative for HPV DNA by conventional nested PCR and TaqMan based real-time Multiplex PCR ruling out four common HPV subtypes such as HPV-16, 18, 31, 45. We did not find presence of HPV DNA in the tissues of patients with OSCC from southwest India. However, studies with more geographic representation from other parts of India are required before generalising our findings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIndian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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