Objective: To identify metabolic syndrome (MetS) prevalence using International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 2005 guidelines in a semi urban south Indian (Boloor Diabetes Study) population of Mangalore. Methods: Population of randomly selected adults ≥20 years living in Boloor locality who were available for the house to house survey were assessed for the following: anthropometric variables; blood pressure; fasting blood glucose and lipid profile. Among 800 responders; 300 men, 500 women, 551 were examined (68.8%). Fasting plasma glucose as well fasting lipid profile could be done for 451 (147 men, 304 women) 81.85%; Data was analysed for prevalence of MetS and its individual components. Diagnosis of MetS was based on IDF 2005 criteria for Asian men and women. Intergroup comparisons w ere performed using student 't' test and Chi-square test. Results: MetS was prevalent in 134 of 451(29.7%); men 39 (26.5%) and women 95 (31.2%). Prevalence of individual components of MetS were as follows: increased waist circumference, (common component) present in all; elevated TG in 38.8%; low HDL-C in 59.7%; increased FPG in 57.4%; elevated SBP in 80.5% and DBP in 56.7%; body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/sq.m (obesity) in 58.9% Barring increased waist circumference which is the essential criteria for diagnosis of Mets, Systolic hypertension emerged as the most frequent component in the population followed by low HDL-C and elev ated FPG. Elevated TG was less prevalent in this population. Conclusion: Prevalence of MetS in this semi urban population (Boloor) of Mangalore compares with MetS prevalence identified in cross sectional studies in India. Prevention and treatment of the predictive factors: dyslipidemias, hyperglycaemia, hypertension, together with enhanced physical activity may together reduce the prevalence of MetS.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Association of Physicians of India|
|Publication status||Published - 01-11-2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes