Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes attending hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia

Sadeq Ali Ali Al Maweri, Noorliza Mastura Ismail, Abdul Rashid Ismail, Abdulmlik Al-Ghashm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain oral mucosal disorders. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (DM2) and to investigate the association of such lesions with metabolic control of the disease. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 391 patients with DM2 and 391 non-diabetic control subjects. Demographic information and data on the duration and type of diabetes, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values, medical history, and current use of medication were obtained from medical records. Detailed oral examination was performed in accordance with international criteria. Results: The prevalence of OMLs was significantly higher among diabetic patients (45.5%) than among control subjects (38.4%) (P = 0.042). Patients with diabetes had a higher prevalence of geographic tongue (GT) (P = 0.017), denture stomatitis (P = 0.018), and angular cheilitis (P = 0.006) than controls. Overall, diabetic patients with poor metabolic control had a significantly higher prevalence of OMLs and xerostomia than patients with moderately and well-controlled disease (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of OMLs was significantly higher in diabetic patients than in control subjects. Higher occurrence of OMLs was significantly associated with poor metabolic control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 05-07-2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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