Preventive Role of Vitamin D in Silica-Induced Skin Fibrosis

A Study in Relation to Oxidative Stress and Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines

Ashwani Koul, Stanzin Angmo, Sanjay Bharati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The protective effects of vitamin D analogue calcipotriol in silica-induced skin fibrosis were studied in the present study. Male BALB / c mice were divided into four groups; Control, Vitamin D, Silica and Silica+Vitamin D. Silica was administered as a single intradermal injection (40 µg / µL, dissolved in normal saline; particle size 1 - 5 µm) in the hind limbs of animals in Silica & Silica+Vitamin D group. Vitamin D group animals received topical application of 100µL of vitamin D solution (10-7M in Ethanol) daily for 12 weeks. Silica+Vitamin D group animals received co-treatment of silica and vitamin D as described for other groups. After 12 weeks of treatment, dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content of treated sections were measured. The TNF-α and IL-6 levels were measured in serum of all treated animals. The silica-induced oxidative stress was measured in terms of lipid peroxidation in skin tissue. Antioxidant defence system was assessed in terms of levels of reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase. A significant increase in the dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content was observed after silica treatment (931 ± 57.98 to 1804.61 ± 146.20 µm)(p < 0.05). Vitamin D co-treatment reduced dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content compared to Silica group (p < 0.05). Similarly a decrease in TNF-α and IL-6 levels were also observed after vitamin D treatment. A significant reduction in oxidative stress in terms of lipid peroxidation (4.92 ± 0.70 to 2.40 ± 0.31 nmol / mg protein). Therefore, present study suggested that vitamin D could be an effective agent against silica-induced skin fibrosis and oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2016

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Vitamin D
Silicon Dioxide
Oxidative Stress
Fibrosis
Cytokines
Skin
Hydroxyproline
Lipid Peroxidation
Interleukin-6
Therapeutics
Intradermal Injections
Glutathione Reductase
Glutathione Peroxidase
Particle Size
Catalase
Superoxide Dismutase
Glutathione
Ethanol
Extremities
Antioxidants

Cite this

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title = "Preventive Role of Vitamin D in Silica-Induced Skin Fibrosis: A Study in Relation to Oxidative Stress and Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines",
abstract = "The protective effects of vitamin D analogue calcipotriol in silica-induced skin fibrosis were studied in the present study. Male BALB / c mice were divided into four groups; Control, Vitamin D, Silica and Silica+Vitamin D. Silica was administered as a single intradermal injection (40 µg / µL, dissolved in normal saline; particle size 1 - 5 µm) in the hind limbs of animals in Silica & Silica+Vitamin D group. Vitamin D group animals received topical application of 100µL of vitamin D solution (10-7M in Ethanol) daily for 12 weeks. Silica+Vitamin D group animals received co-treatment of silica and vitamin D as described for other groups. After 12 weeks of treatment, dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content of treated sections were measured. The TNF-α and IL-6 levels were measured in serum of all treated animals. The silica-induced oxidative stress was measured in terms of lipid peroxidation in skin tissue. Antioxidant defence system was assessed in terms of levels of reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase. A significant increase in the dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content was observed after silica treatment (931 ± 57.98 to 1804.61 ± 146.20 µm)(p < 0.05). Vitamin D co-treatment reduced dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content compared to Silica group (p < 0.05). Similarly a decrease in TNF-α and IL-6 levels were also observed after vitamin D treatment. A significant reduction in oxidative stress in terms of lipid peroxidation (4.92 ± 0.70 to 2.40 ± 0.31 nmol / mg protein). Therefore, present study suggested that vitamin D could be an effective agent against silica-induced skin fibrosis and oxidative stress.",
author = "Ashwani Koul and Stanzin Angmo and Sanjay Bharati",
year = "2016",
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doi = "10.1024/0300-9831/a000434",
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T1 - Preventive Role of Vitamin D in Silica-Induced Skin Fibrosis

T2 - A Study in Relation to Oxidative Stress and Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines

AU - Koul, Ashwani

AU - Angmo, Stanzin

AU - Bharati, Sanjay

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - The protective effects of vitamin D analogue calcipotriol in silica-induced skin fibrosis were studied in the present study. Male BALB / c mice were divided into four groups; Control, Vitamin D, Silica and Silica+Vitamin D. Silica was administered as a single intradermal injection (40 µg / µL, dissolved in normal saline; particle size 1 - 5 µm) in the hind limbs of animals in Silica & Silica+Vitamin D group. Vitamin D group animals received topical application of 100µL of vitamin D solution (10-7M in Ethanol) daily for 12 weeks. Silica+Vitamin D group animals received co-treatment of silica and vitamin D as described for other groups. After 12 weeks of treatment, dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content of treated sections were measured. The TNF-α and IL-6 levels were measured in serum of all treated animals. The silica-induced oxidative stress was measured in terms of lipid peroxidation in skin tissue. Antioxidant defence system was assessed in terms of levels of reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase. A significant increase in the dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content was observed after silica treatment (931 ± 57.98 to 1804.61 ± 146.20 µm)(p < 0.05). Vitamin D co-treatment reduced dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content compared to Silica group (p < 0.05). Similarly a decrease in TNF-α and IL-6 levels were also observed after vitamin D treatment. A significant reduction in oxidative stress in terms of lipid peroxidation (4.92 ± 0.70 to 2.40 ± 0.31 nmol / mg protein). Therefore, present study suggested that vitamin D could be an effective agent against silica-induced skin fibrosis and oxidative stress.

AB - The protective effects of vitamin D analogue calcipotriol in silica-induced skin fibrosis were studied in the present study. Male BALB / c mice were divided into four groups; Control, Vitamin D, Silica and Silica+Vitamin D. Silica was administered as a single intradermal injection (40 µg / µL, dissolved in normal saline; particle size 1 - 5 µm) in the hind limbs of animals in Silica & Silica+Vitamin D group. Vitamin D group animals received topical application of 100µL of vitamin D solution (10-7M in Ethanol) daily for 12 weeks. Silica+Vitamin D group animals received co-treatment of silica and vitamin D as described for other groups. After 12 weeks of treatment, dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content of treated sections were measured. The TNF-α and IL-6 levels were measured in serum of all treated animals. The silica-induced oxidative stress was measured in terms of lipid peroxidation in skin tissue. Antioxidant defence system was assessed in terms of levels of reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase. A significant increase in the dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content was observed after silica treatment (931 ± 57.98 to 1804.61 ± 146.20 µm)(p < 0.05). Vitamin D co-treatment reduced dermal thickness and hydroxyproline content compared to Silica group (p < 0.05). Similarly a decrease in TNF-α and IL-6 levels were also observed after vitamin D treatment. A significant reduction in oxidative stress in terms of lipid peroxidation (4.92 ± 0.70 to 2.40 ± 0.31 nmol / mg protein). Therefore, present study suggested that vitamin D could be an effective agent against silica-induced skin fibrosis and oxidative stress.

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DO - 10.1024/0300-9831/a000434

M3 - Article

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JO - Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitaminforschung. International journal of vitamin research. Journal international de vitaminologie

JF - Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitaminforschung. International journal of vitamin research. Journal international de vitaminologie

SN - 0300-9831

ER -