Productivity and efficiency of cashew processing: Comparison of manual and automated systems

Ramakrishna Pai, Pallavi Upadhyaya, Y. S. Upadhyaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

India is one of the leading producers, processors, and exporters of cashews in the world. Cashew processing units are primarily small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and are highly labor intensive. Productivity and efficiency of processing is a primary concern for cashew processing firms that operate with limited resources. Using a multiple-case study approach, this study compared the productivity and efficiency of automated cashew processing with the manual processing. Employees' perception towards automation was also examined. A comparative analysis was performed for the five stages of cashew processing: Sorting, shelling, peeling, grading, and packaging. Purposive sampling method was used to select five SMEs that used either manual or automated processing methods. The study identified the processing method that was the most efficient at each stage, taking into account both quantitative and qualitative data. It was found that automation of the cashew processing increased productivity by at least 10 times. It was also found that almost all the five stages required manual intervention as automation cannot completely replace humans. Due to high health hazards and fatigue, workers favored use of automated processing over manual processing. Health risk was high in the shelling and peeling stages of cashew processing. Fatigue due to repetitive work was high in sorting, grading, and peeling stages. Managerial implications for SME owners who plan to deploy automation technologies in their firms were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-30
Number of pages11
JournalPrabandhan: Indian Journal of Management
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2019

Fingerprint

Productivity
Automation
Small and medium-sized enterprises
Sorting
Fatigue
Grading
Exporters
Health risk
Multiple case study
Health
India
Packaging
Workers
Employee perceptions
Labor
Sampling methods
Hazard
Qualitative data
Resources
Comparative analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

Cite this

Pai, Ramakrishna ; Upadhyaya, Pallavi ; Upadhyaya, Y. S. / Productivity and efficiency of cashew processing : Comparison of manual and automated systems. In: Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 20-30.
@article{2b346702629a46abb67216ed4744ac75,
title = "Productivity and efficiency of cashew processing: Comparison of manual and automated systems",
abstract = "India is one of the leading producers, processors, and exporters of cashews in the world. Cashew processing units are primarily small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and are highly labor intensive. Productivity and efficiency of processing is a primary concern for cashew processing firms that operate with limited resources. Using a multiple-case study approach, this study compared the productivity and efficiency of automated cashew processing with the manual processing. Employees' perception towards automation was also examined. A comparative analysis was performed for the five stages of cashew processing: Sorting, shelling, peeling, grading, and packaging. Purposive sampling method was used to select five SMEs that used either manual or automated processing methods. The study identified the processing method that was the most efficient at each stage, taking into account both quantitative and qualitative data. It was found that automation of the cashew processing increased productivity by at least 10 times. It was also found that almost all the five stages required manual intervention as automation cannot completely replace humans. Due to high health hazards and fatigue, workers favored use of automated processing over manual processing. Health risk was high in the shelling and peeling stages of cashew processing. Fatigue due to repetitive work was high in sorting, grading, and peeling stages. Managerial implications for SME owners who plan to deploy automation technologies in their firms were also discussed.",
author = "Ramakrishna Pai and Pallavi Upadhyaya and Upadhyaya, {Y. S.}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.17010/pijom/2019/vl2i6/144933",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "20--30",
journal = "Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management",
issn = "0975-2854",
publisher = "Associated Management Consultants Private Limited",
number = "6",

}

Productivity and efficiency of cashew processing : Comparison of manual and automated systems. / Pai, Ramakrishna; Upadhyaya, Pallavi; Upadhyaya, Y. S.

In: Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management, Vol. 12, No. 6, 01.06.2019, p. 20-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Productivity and efficiency of cashew processing

T2 - Comparison of manual and automated systems

AU - Pai, Ramakrishna

AU - Upadhyaya, Pallavi

AU - Upadhyaya, Y. S.

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - India is one of the leading producers, processors, and exporters of cashews in the world. Cashew processing units are primarily small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and are highly labor intensive. Productivity and efficiency of processing is a primary concern for cashew processing firms that operate with limited resources. Using a multiple-case study approach, this study compared the productivity and efficiency of automated cashew processing with the manual processing. Employees' perception towards automation was also examined. A comparative analysis was performed for the five stages of cashew processing: Sorting, shelling, peeling, grading, and packaging. Purposive sampling method was used to select five SMEs that used either manual or automated processing methods. The study identified the processing method that was the most efficient at each stage, taking into account both quantitative and qualitative data. It was found that automation of the cashew processing increased productivity by at least 10 times. It was also found that almost all the five stages required manual intervention as automation cannot completely replace humans. Due to high health hazards and fatigue, workers favored use of automated processing over manual processing. Health risk was high in the shelling and peeling stages of cashew processing. Fatigue due to repetitive work was high in sorting, grading, and peeling stages. Managerial implications for SME owners who plan to deploy automation technologies in their firms were also discussed.

AB - India is one of the leading producers, processors, and exporters of cashews in the world. Cashew processing units are primarily small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and are highly labor intensive. Productivity and efficiency of processing is a primary concern for cashew processing firms that operate with limited resources. Using a multiple-case study approach, this study compared the productivity and efficiency of automated cashew processing with the manual processing. Employees' perception towards automation was also examined. A comparative analysis was performed for the five stages of cashew processing: Sorting, shelling, peeling, grading, and packaging. Purposive sampling method was used to select five SMEs that used either manual or automated processing methods. The study identified the processing method that was the most efficient at each stage, taking into account both quantitative and qualitative data. It was found that automation of the cashew processing increased productivity by at least 10 times. It was also found that almost all the five stages required manual intervention as automation cannot completely replace humans. Due to high health hazards and fatigue, workers favored use of automated processing over manual processing. Health risk was high in the shelling and peeling stages of cashew processing. Fatigue due to repetitive work was high in sorting, grading, and peeling stages. Managerial implications for SME owners who plan to deploy automation technologies in their firms were also discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070877003&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070877003&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17010/pijom/2019/vl2i6/144933

DO - 10.17010/pijom/2019/vl2i6/144933

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85070877003

VL - 12

SP - 20

EP - 30

JO - Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management

JF - Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management

SN - 0975-2854

IS - 6

ER -