Profile of mortalities due to alcohol and drug consumption iroad and rail traffic accidents in Mangaluru, a coastal citof Karnataka, India

Subham Sarthak, B. Suresh Kumar Shetty, P. P. Jagadish Rao, H. Pavanchand Shetty, Haniel D’souza, Adithi S. Shetty, M. S. Kotian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Several studies have demonstrated that driving under influence of alcohol and psychoactive drugs increases the risk of fatal accidents & hence increased mortality rates. This paper presents a retrospective study of Road & Rail traffic accidents in Mangaluru. Method: Over a six-year period (2010-2015), a total of 5226 autopsies were conducted at Govt. Wenlock Hospital, Mangaluru out of which 1261 were Vehicular accidents (1117-Road, 144-Rail).Various parameters were looked in these cases such as age groups, gender, type of Vehicle involved, Victim status, time of day, day of the week (weekdays/weekend), Season, type of intoxication, accident site etc. Results: 15.85% (n = 177) of all the Road Traffic Deaths & 9.72% (n=14) of all Rail deaths occurred as a consequence of either alcohol (16.83%, n=188/191) or drug overdose (n=3). 42.93% of victims belonged to 56 and above age group. Most commonly the e the vehicle which were involved in accident were motorcycles (around 51.83% cases). Conclusions: The results of this study reveals a strong positive association between the presence of alcohol and psychoactive drugs in road & rail traffic accident victims. The matter of grave concern is increasing trend of drunken driving leading to fatal accidents among adolescent age-groups especially in motorcycle vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-117
Number of pages5
JournalMedico-Legal Update
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

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Traffic Accidents
Alcohol Drinking
Accidents
India
Mortality
Motorcycles
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Age Groups
Psychotropic Drugs
Alcohols
Drug Overdose
Autopsy
Retrospective Studies
Driving Under the Influence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Sarthak, Subham ; Shetty, B. Suresh Kumar ; Jagadish Rao, P. P. ; Pavanchand Shetty, H. ; D’souza, Haniel ; Shetty, Adithi S. ; Kotian, M. S. / Profile of mortalities due to alcohol and drug consumption iroad and rail traffic accidents in Mangaluru, a coastal citof Karnataka, India. In: Medico-Legal Update. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 113-117.
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Profile of mortalities due to alcohol and drug consumption iroad and rail traffic accidents in Mangaluru, a coastal citof Karnataka, India. / Sarthak, Subham; Shetty, B. Suresh Kumar; Jagadish Rao, P. P.; Pavanchand Shetty, H.; D’souza, Haniel; Shetty, Adithi S.; Kotian, M. S.

In: Medico-Legal Update, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 113-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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